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the Jewish holiday of Passover and the Christian holiday of Easter.

In antiquity, nomadic Semitic tribes celebrated Pasch in connection with the spring calving. After the tribes made the transition to a settled way of life and to agriculture in the 13th and 12th centuries B.C., Pasch became an agrarian holiday marking the start of the harvest. The custom developed of preparing unleavened, flat cakes (matzoth) from the first harvested grain. As the cult of Jahweh grew, Pasch came to be celebrated in memory of the exodus of the Jews from Egypt. Later, Pasch was linked with the awaiting of the messiah. In Christianity, the celebration of Pasch took on new meaning and was linked with myths about the redeeming power of the sufferings of Christ and about his death and resurrection.

Originally, the Jewish and Christian Pasches coincided. However, in A.D. 325 an ecumenical council of the Christian church adopted a resolution that Easter be celebrated on the first Sunday one week after the Jewish Passover. This may be any date in the period from April 4 to May 8. Like other religious holidays, the celebration of Pasch is a means of exerting religious influence on the masses and strengthening religious ideology.

References in periodicals archive ?
In his new role based in Zurich, Pasche will report jointly to Kristoffer Jonsson, head of Investments and Andrea Tardy, region head, respectively for the Private Bank in Switzerland.
Pasche from the University of Alabama, Birmingham, and associates examined the interaction between 10 variants in the genes for adiponectin (ADIPOQ) and adiponectin receptor 1 (ADIPOR1) and colorectal cancer risk.
de autoria de Marco Akerman, Liane Beatriz Righi, Dario Frederico Pasche, Damila Trufelli, Paula Ribeiro Lopes que foi publicado no Tratado de Saude Coletiva organizado por Campos e colaboradores, Editora Hucitec, Sao Paulo, 2006.
Dario Frederico Pasche, (1) Liane Beatriz Righi, (1) Henrique Inacio Thome (1) e Eveline Dischkaln Stolz (1)
Levi F, Pasche C, La Vecchia C, Lucchini F, Franceschi S.
Preston Pasche, 17, from the Dakota Tipi First nation in Manitoba won the teen division.
Et quad presbiteri et cleric) utantur in die Natalis Domini, in die Pasche, in die Sancte Trinitatis, in die Translacionis sancti Thome Martiris, in die Omnium Sanctorum, et in dedicacione ecclesie, de melioribus et solempnioribus vestimentis de quocumque colore censeantur.
Pioneering exhibition artists John Pasche, David Byrd, Jeff Koons, Russell Young, Herbert Kretzschmar, Timothy White, Sebastian Kruger, Ron English, Shepard Fairey to name a few.
The original tongue was designed by Royal College of Art student, John Pasche, and first appeared on the 'Sticky Fingers' album sleeve in 1971.