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see PathansPathans
, group of seminomadic peoples consisting of more than 60 tribes, numbering more than 26 million in Pakistan and more than 11 million in Afghanistan, where they form the dominate ethnic group (historically known as Afghans and now typically as Pashtuns).
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References in periodicals archive ?
The Afghan president Najibullah retaliated in the 1980s by reviving the demand for Pashtunistan.
Despite the negative stance taken by successive Afghan governments regarding the border, including promotion of the so-called Pashtunistan issue and sanctuary given to dissident Baloch and Pushtoon groups, as well as the inflow of Afghan refugees into Pakistan following the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, the problem of border management did not arise for the most part until Kabul started accusing Pakistan of supporting Taliban attacks in Afghanistan.
Pathans soon after creation of Pakistan demanded for Pashtunistan but later on they adopted a moderate stance and asked for regional autonomy (Harrison, 1987, p.
First blood was drawn by Afghanistan when in September 1947 it became the only nation in the world to oppose Pakistan's entry into the United Nations (UN) citing the Pashtunistan debate.
This builds on what has been a resident influence of sub-nationalism that has alternately found expression in either a sensitized kinship with the Afghan Pashtuns across the border or in the larger issue of Pashtunistan when it found popularity in the early 50s and the 60s when Pakistan was still young as a nation.
Thus, the Line politically dissected many Pashtun tribes, seriously undermining their potential for unity and prospects for securing independence for a united Pashtunistan (or "place of Pashtuns"), which could have possibly been consolidated between the Indus River and Hindu Kush.
The only other time I saw dancing boys--these were men, actually, the top of the line--was in Kabul on national day, at Pashtunistan Circle.
For almost the first 30 years of Pakistan's independence, Afghanistan strongly backed Pashtunistan or Pashtun autonomy.
According to Indian experts, Pakistan has supported the Taliban--and thereby "created a sort of Frankenstein monster" (Sawhney 2013, 268)--to keep Afghan Pashtuns busy and avoid the formation of a strong movement fighting for the formation of an independent Pashtunistan, since such a movement would have the potential to split Pakistan.
It borders Afghanistan to claim a major challenge Pashtunistan region between Afghanistan and Pakistan is formed.
More than 250 social activists representing Hotak, Ghaljai, Zazai and other tribes participated in the rally, which started from the Eidgah Mosque and ended at the Pashtunistan Square of Kabul.
A destabilized Afghanistan could lead to demands for a new state of Pashtunistan cutting across both neighbors.