Pasquale Stanislao Mancini


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Mancini, Pasquale Stanislao

 

Born Mar. 17, 1817, in Castel Baronia, near Avellino; died Dec. 26, 1888, in Rome. Italian jurist, diplomat, and statesman. Professor at universities in Turin, Naples, and Rome.

Mancini held the posts of minister of justice, of education, and of foreign affairs in the Italian government. He supported the national unification of Italy, the establishment of a constitutional monarchy, the liquidation of the temporal power of the pope, the abolition of the Inquisition, and the nationalization of church property. Mancini was the founder of the 19th-century Italian doctrine of private international law (the national theory). Mancini argued that every man preserves his rights as an individual outside the country of his citizenship and that consequently the law of citizenship (lex patriae) is a basic principle of the branch of law known as conflict of laws; he held that every foreigner living abroad was to be judged by the laws of his own country. These principles were consistently followed in the Italian Civil Code of 1865, which was developed with Mancini’s participation. They can be found in the German Civil Code of 1896, the Japanese Civil Code of 1898, and The Hague conventions on international private law. Many scholars were Mancini’s followers, including I. Esperson and P. Fiore of Italy, A. Weiss of France, and F. Laurent of Belgium.

REFERENCE

Lunts, L. A. Mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo. Moscow, 1970. Pages 117-19.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the second half of the first section, a genealogical background sets Bonacci's life within the socio-political prominence of her grandfather, the minister Pasquale Stanislao Mancini, the strong personality of her father, minister and senator Teodorico Bonacci, the writing experience of her grandmother Laura Beatrice Oliva and her aunts Grazia Pierantoni Mancini and Evelina Cattamole (Contessa Lara), the artistic attitudes of her sisters Lydia and Lavinia, as well as the cinematographical careers of her relatives Augusto Genina and Mario Camerini.
Giovanni De Falco, qui avait elabore, en 1864, le premier livre d'un projet de code penal confia, une fois devenu, en 1865, ministre de la Justice, a une commission composee dejuristes dont la valeur est incontestee (entre autres Francesco Carrara, Raffaele Conforti (21), Pasquale Stanislao Mancini, Enrico Pessina (22), Giuseppe Vacca (23) et Filippo Ambrosoli (24)) la tache d'achever la redaction du code.
Le nouveau ministre de la Justice, Pasquale Stanislao Mancini, ne partage pas certains des choix de fond du projet, il propose donc une serie d'amendements qui seront examines par une commission ad hoc.
D'AMELIO, Pasquale Stanislao Mancini e l'unificazione legislativa nel 1859-61, Annali di storia del diritto, 1961-1962, 5-6, pp.
18) II ne faut pas oublier que Pasquale Stanislao Mancini lui-meme, chef de file inconteste du front abolitionniste, avait presente en 1862, a la Chambre, un projet de loi contre le brigandage (avec une extension vaste de la peine de mort) qui faisait penser, dans quelques--unes de ses parties, au decret bourbonien du 30 aout 1821.