Born Feb. 26, 1867, in Königsberg, now Kaliningrad; died July 26, 1958, in Bremen. German geographer and explorer.
Passarge was a professor at higher educational institutions in Breslau (Wroclaw) from 1905 and in Hamburg from 1908 to 1935. He explored Equatorial, South, and North Africa and the northern regions of South America. He was the father of German landscape science, which he regarded as an independent scientific discipline. He considered geographic landscape to have a natural integrity and sought to classify natural landscapes and study their relationship to improved landscapes. Passarge’s works are weakened by his concept of landscapes not as complete natural formations but as systems formed by the mechanical imposition of separate territorial units on each other and by his failure to follow a genetic approach to the description of landscape characteristics.
WORKSDie Grundlagen der Landschaftskunde, vols. 1–3, Hamburg, 1919–20.
Beschreibende Landschaftskunde. Hamburg, 1929.
Geographische Völkerkunde, vols. 1–5. Frankfurt am Main, 1933–38.
Einführung in die Landschaftskunde. Leipzig, 1933.