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(päs`ou), city (1994 pop. 51,041), Bavaria, SE Germany, at the confluence of the Danube, Inn, and Ilz rivers, near the border with Austria. It is a river port, rail junction, and industrial center; manufactures include beer, textiles, optical equipment, and tobacco.

A Roman frontier outpost known as Castra Batava, Passau was made (738–39) an episcopal see by St. Boniface. The bishops of Passau were temporal lords of a substantial territory until 1803, when the bishopric was secularized and awarded to Bavaria; the diocese was restored in 1817. The Treaty of Passau (1552) was negotiated there between Maurice of Saxony and King (later Emperor) Ferdinand I, who represented his brother, Emperor Charles V; it secured the release of the captive Protestant princes and helped pave the way for the religious peace of 1555 (see Augsburg, Peace ofAugsburg, Peace of,
1555, temporary settlement within the Holy Roman Empire of the religious conflict arising from the Reformation. Each prince was to determine whether Lutheranism or Roman Catholicism was to prevail in his lands (cuius regio, eius religio).
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Noteworthy buildings in Passau include the cathedral (15th–17th cent.), which has one of the world's largest church organs; the Gothic city hall (begun 1398); the baroque episcopal palace; the Oberhaus fortress (13th–16th cent.); and a former Benedictine monastery (founded in the 8th cent.). There are also many fine houses and fountains in the Bavarian baroque style, built after fires ravaged the city in 1662 and 1680. The city has a university (est. 1978).

References in periodicals archive ?
the klinikum passau intends to carry out a partial rehabilitation of the 1987 bed ward in component 3 (former construction phase 1) with adaptation and extension of the existing building, Taking into account current, Functional, Technical and operational requirements.
The MoUs were signed in the fields of higher education, research, and technology with University of Passau," he added.
According to him, University of Passau and Amir Kabir University of Technology agreed that three Iranian students spend one semester in Germany in science, math and informatics fields.
German soldiers have been sent to help rescue operations in Passau where the power was shut down as a precaution.
Torrential rain across central Europe has hit many parts of eastern and southern Germany, especially the region of Bavaria, where large parts of the city of Passau in particular have been flooded.
View of the old city of Passau with the river's Inn and Danube
According to a newspaper report, the child was plucked from the icy waters of the River Inn in Passau, Germany, in January 1894.
Although the story was never verified by Hitler during his lifetime, a small cutting from the Donauzeitung - Danube newspaper - of 1894 has been found in Passau.
ZF Passau recently marked a production milestone as it manufactured the 100,000th Ergopower transmission at its plant in Patriching near Passau, Germany.
Passau -- On June 29, 2002, seven women, four Germans, two Austrians and one American, took part in a simulated Catholic priestly ordination.
The building plot between the outer spitalhofstrae and the haitzingerstrae in passau has a size of 2,000 square meters and falls in north-south direction by about 12 m.
Contact Person: Landkreis Passau - Abteilung 7 Fachgebiet 71