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A family of dicotyledonous, often climbing plants in the order Violales; flowers are polypetalous and hypogynous with a corona, and seeds are arillate with an oily endosperm.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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The whole plant, including the fruit and amazing-looking flower are edible. 10 white petals with purple corona of multicolored rays, 5 stamens, and a pistil with 3 stigmas. Flowers have lots of purple threads radiating out underneath. There are different types of passionflower, and the egg shaped & sized fruits vary. One is an orange color with red gooey seeds inside (Passiflora caerulea). The other is green when ripe and contains strange seeds individually wrapped in a clear sac. (Maypop, Passiflora incarnata) Make tea from the flowers to relax, restful sleep. The whole plant is used as an antispasmotic and relaxant for anxiety, nervous disorders, epilepsy, neuralgia, insomnia, painful menses, headaches, restlessness, nervous tension, sleeping problems, inflammation, lower blood pressure.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
References in periodicals archive ?
A new species of Passiflora section Granadillastrum (Passifloraceae) from Jaen, Peru.
Estudios de la diversidad de Passifloraceae en los Departamentos de Caldas, Choco, Narino, Quindio, Risaralda y Valle del Cauca (Colombia), apoyados en los analisis ecogeograficos, palinologicos y citogeneticos.
Las familias botanicas donde se capturaron la mayoria de las familias de abejas fueron Asteraceae, Cactaceae, Fabaceae, Rosaceae y Scrophulariaceae; mientras que en las que se recolectaron abejas de solo una familia fueron: Malvaceae con Andrenidae; Acanthaceae, Convolvulaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lamiaceae, Papaveraceae, Plantaginaceae y Passifloraceae con Apidae; Brassicaceae y Zygophyllaceae con Halictidae.
Investigacao da atividade antihiperglicemiante da farinha da casca de Passiflora edulis Sims, Passifloraceae, em ratos diabeticos induzidos por aloxano.
The Passiflora genus contains the highest number of species in Passifloraceae with edible fruit [3]; in addition, the plants of this genus have desirable organoleptic properties [4].
Of 41 families having alien species, Asteraceae was the most dominant (29 species) followed by Convolvulaceae (11), Amaranthaceae and Solanaceae (9 species each), Euphorbiaceae (8), Caesalpiniaceae and Papilionaceae (7 each), Poaceae (6), Capparidaceae, Cyperaceae, Tiliaceae, and Verbenaceae (4 each), Asclepiadaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Lamiaceae, Malvaceae, Mimosaceae, and Onagraceae (3 each), Acanthaceae, Oxalidaceae, Papaveraceae, Pedaliaceae, Portulacaceae, and Scrophulariaceae (2 each), and Amaryllidaceae, Apocynaceae, Arecaceae, Brassicaceae, Cannabaceae, Cuscutaceae, Cactaceae, Liliaceae, Polygonaceae, Primulaceae, Passifloraceae, Piperaceae, Rosaceae, Sterculiaceae, Ulmaceae, Urticaceae, and Zygophyllaceae (1 species each).
En Argentina existen alrededor de 19 especies del genero Passiflora (Passifloraceae), siendo Passiflora caerulea ("pasionaria", "flor de la pasion" o "mburucuja") la que ocupa la mayor extension; crece preferentemente en las provincias del noroeste, Mesopotamia, Cordoba y en la ribera del Plata (especialmente en la zona del delta).
Entries are in sections on succulent plant species from eight families: mesembryanthemaceae, portulacaceae, crassulaceae, geraniaceae, euphorbiaceae, passifloraceae, apocynaceae, and asphodelaceae.