Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Wikipedia.


1. Philosophy
a. any state of the mind in which it is affected by something external, such as perception, desire, etc., as contrasted with action
b. feelings, desires or emotions, as contrasted with reason
2. the sufferings and death of a Christian martyr


1. the sufferings of Christ from the Last Supper to his death on the cross
2. any of the four Gospel accounts of this
3. a musical setting of this
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a musical work set to a Gospel text of Jesus’ betrayal by Judas, imprisonment, and execution. Passions were introduced into Catholic practice in the fourth century and were performed during Holy Week. They were originally performed in a psalmodic manner, but, beginning in the 14th century, the type of passion based on a dialogue between a soloist, or deacon, and a choir prevailed. The roles of the characters in the drama gradually became more soloistic. In the 16th century the polyphonic motet passion took shape, and Protestant passions in German appeared, which made considerable use of the Protestant chorale. Folk stagings of passions, in which scenes of everyday life were included, developed simultaneously with the ecclesiastical dramatizations.

In the early 18th century the oratorio passion became established. This genre later lost its religious significance, and oratorio passions were performed as concert works. Outstanding examples of the oratorio passion are J. S. Bach’s St. John Passion and St. Matthew Passion.


Druskin, M. Passiony I. S. Bakha. Leningrad, 1972.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Are there any other words you could use to describe passion besides "passion?"
'Passion' is a modern operetta and takes its cue from the Italian film director Ettore Scola's 1981 film, 'Passione d'Amore,' which itself is based on an 1869 novel, 'Fosca,' by Iginio Ugo Tarchetti.
A nationally representative sample of men and women from across the four provinces was asked, 'Some people say that Pakistan Day was celebrated with more fervor and passion this year compared to last year, while others say there was not much difference.
Understanding how this happens and how you can prevent it is integral to mental well-being and living productively with passion.We don't celebrate stories of passion gone awry, but look closely and they're all around.
So, why is it that passion is so critical to business?
The Passion Made Possible campaign encouraged travelers to discover their own passions as it shared the inspiring, real-life stories of driven and extraordinary Singaporeans.
'Magic of Music' will take place on Saturday (March 2) at 7pm at the church and will feature performances from Loughborough Concert Band, Christchurch Methodist & Chero Voce, Newcroft school choir, Passion and Caroline Sharp singers.
'I always have some money in my pocket, as long as I have passion fruits to harvest," he says.
Summary: Passion works best with a thoughtful, ambitious-yet-grounded business plan
In particular, a participant's passion for a specific activity can be used as an important measuring parameter in predicting adherence to that activity (Vallerand, 2008).
New Medio's passion is building custom software tools to help our clients solve their thorniest business logic needs," said Adam Nemec, New Medio CEO.