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1. an official document issued by a government, identifying an individual, granting him permission to travel abroad, and requesting the protection of other governments for him
2. a licence granted by a state to a foreigner, allowing the passage of his person or goods through the country
3. another word for sea letter
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) In the USSR, a document that confirms the identity of Soviet citizens over the age of 16 in areas where the passport system has been instituted.

The standard internal passport usually has the text in two languages: Russian and the language of the Union or autonomous republic in which the passport is issued. The passport gives the bearer’s surname, first name, and patronymic; the year, month, day, and place of birth; and nationality. It is issued by the militia (police) of the applicant’s place of residence. There is no time limit on the validity of a passport; when a citizen reaches the ages of 25 and 45 new photographs taken at these ages are affixed. Passports without such photographs are invalid. The militia organs make passport entries concerning residence permits. Registry offices of civil status (ZAGS) make entries in passports concerning the registration of marriages, childbirths, and divorces, and military commissariats make entries concerning draft status.

The passport must be turned in when one is called for active military duty, upon a change of citizenship, on the occasion of a trip abroad, and in other such cases. Passports were first introduced by the Dec. 27, 1932, decree of the Central Executive Committee and the Council of People’s Commissars (Collected Laws of the USSR, 1932, no. 84, arts. 516 and 517). The decree was intended as a measure to improve records on the population of cities, workers’ settlements, and new construction sites. The present Statute on the Passport System in the USSR was ratified by an Aug. 28, 1974, decree of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (Collected Decrees of the USSR, 1974, no. 19, art. 109).

The passport must be registered at the place of permanent residence. Persons under 16 register their place of permanent residence with the militia without passports if they do not reside with parents or guardians and if they can produce a birth certificate or other document that confirms their date and place of birth. Military personnel use identification papers issued by their units instead of passports. Permanent residents of rural areas who do not have passports can also register without them. Residence permits are mandatory for all persons except military personnel quartered in barracks and camps and on ships and military personnel on active service who are on short-term leave and have the appropriate pass. Enforcement of the passport statute is handled by the militia. Those who commit passport violations are held accountable under administrative law. In some cases, for example, for malicious violation of passport rules, criminal proceedings may be instituted under criminal Articles 196–198 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR.

(2) Foreign travel passports are issued to citizens of the USSR who will be going abroad. They are subdivided into diplomatic, service, and ordinary. The holders of diplomatic passports (heads of state, heads and members of governments, diplomatic employees) enjoy diplomatic privileges and immunity abroad. Service passports are usually issued to employees of Soviet trade representations; to the technical, service, and auxiliary personnel of diplomatic and consular missions; and to members of these employees’ families who are citizens of the country to which the particular representation or mission is accredited. To be valid for entry into another country the foreign travel passport must have an entry visa, unless another rule of entry has been established by agreement of the respective states. (On the use of identification papers in the bourgeois countries, seeLEGITIMATION.) [19–774–4; updated]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

What does it mean when you dream about a passport?

Dreaming about a passport can be a dream about travel. Alternatively, a passport can represent our identity. Metaphorically, a passport is anything that allows us entry. It used to be said, for example, that a college education was a passport to a good job.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.

Microsoft Passport

An earlier digital wallet system from Microsoft that was developed in 1999. It was designed to be a single sign-on to Passport-enabled websites, but it never caught on. Passport was superseded by CardSpace (also abandoned); however, the single sign-on aspects of Passport were carried over to Windows Live ID (see Microsoft account).

Passport Was Server Based
Usernames, passwords, credit card and billing information were stored on Microsoft servers, enabling users to make purchases without retyping information every time. When users made a purchase on Passport sites (later Windows Live ID sites), the merchant sent a request to the server. Passport superseded the client-based wallet in early versions of Internet Explorer. See single sign-on, digital wallet, identity metasystem and Windows CardSpace.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Emiratis from all seven emirates can renew their passports at the centre, by paying an additional fee of AED 140, apart from the regular Dh55 fee [for five years' renewal].
'The government officers/officials who obtained passports in concealment of profession and could not avail the policy announced by federal government, which ended on July 23, are advised to approach passport offices concerned,' reads the notification.
'I am sure you are aware that for us to produce our passports we are spending money and it is a lot of money and given a shorter period in terms of validity, surely there is no utility,' said Simataa
Impeccable information available to this paper has it that the development has seen passport applicants rushing to the national capital where they pay GHS300 cedis for a passport.
readability="8.0898876404494 It is not "unlawful" it is a courtesy to those who have ceased doing the job requiring blue passports.
Locsin clarified that the said order provides issuance of diplomatic passports by courtesy to former DFA secretaries, among other government officials.
'This will benefit greatly Kenyans who travel to Nairobi to form long queues at Nyayo House when they apply for the new passports,' Chimwanga said.
All those officers/officials, who had obtained their passports before joining the government job, have been directed to correct their data in the passport.
According to the Interior division, the director general of Immigration and Passports Islamabad had informed that more than 50,000 government officials had obtained passports in private capacity without mentioning government service as their profession.
Photographs of passport holders are also expected to be stored on the e-passports and there is even talk of storing fingerprints eventually.
According to the index, Taiwanese travelers hold the seventh most powerful passport in Asia, behind Japan which is number one globally, and then Singapore and South Korea, which are both tied for second in the global ranking.