Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Pastinaca: Pastinaca sativa
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(parsnip), a genus of plants of the family Umbelliferae. The plants are biennial or perennial herbs with pinnate leaves. The flowers are in compound umbels and are yellow or orange. The fruit has two seeds.

There are 15 species of parsnip in Europe and Asia. The USSR has five wild species (primarily in the Caucasus) and one species under cultivation. The most common wild species is P. silvestris, a biennial with a spindle-shaped root; it grows in pastures, along roads, and in gardens (as a weed). Its strongly dissected leaves are pinnatipartite and bright green. The cultivated parsnip (P. sativa) is a biennial. The root is fleshy, yellowish white, smooth, and elongate-rounded or elongate-conical. The small bisexual flowers are composed of five yellow concave petals. The fruit is two-seeded, oval, and light or dark brown.

Parsnips are cross-pollinating plants that tolerate cold and frost well. They grow well in fertile soils with medium tenacity and in cultivated marshy soils. The roots contain 17.5–18.7 percent dry substances and 8.6–10.5 percent sugars; they also contain up to 40 mg of vitamin C. The roots are stewed (with butter and sugar) or are used to flavor soup or meat. They are also used by the vegetable-canning industry.

In the USSR, parsnip is raised in regions with a canning industry. The best-known varieties are Kruglyi, Luchshii iz vsekh, and Student. Soil preparation, fertilization, and maintenance are the same as for carrots. In southern regions the seed is sown in early spring in single or double rows spaced 45 cm apart; sometimes the seed is sown according to a pattern of rows alternately spaced 50 cm and 20 cm apart. The rate of sowing is 5–6 kg per hectare (ha). The plants are thinned out until they are 5–6 cm apart. The yield of roots is 400–700 quintals per ha.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
pastinaca were collected from the Maden-Kiziltepe region (Nigde-Ulukisla), at about 2600 m altitude from calcareous rock clefts on August 2017.
Ecopetrol SA (BVC: ECOPETROL)(NYSE: EC)(TSX: ECP), a Colombia-based petroleum company, has reported that it has proved the presence of heavy crude oil at Pastinaca 1, an exploratory well situated within the municipality of Puerto Lopez, Meta Province.
Population demography of Pastinaca sativa (Apiaceae): effects of seed mass on emergence, survival, and recruitment.
This native of the Mediterranean area of the world, correctly known as Pastinaca sativa, has formed part of the British diet for many years and is now considered to be a very versatile root vegetable for use in sweet as well as savoury dishes.
The ability of species in Depressariinae to metabolize toxins led Berenbaum (1983) to speculate that populations of Depressaria pastinacella Stainton 1849 could have coevolved with populations of its toxic hostplant Pastinaca sativa L.
Other examples of genera with winged fruits not included in that study include Anethum, Angelica, Cymopterus, Ferula, Heracleum, Laserpitium, Ligusticum, Lomatium, Pastinaca, and Thapsia.
The root vegetable Pastinaca sativa is better known as what?
At the time, there was much confusion between distinguishing the wild carrot and parsnip and here the Greek physician Galen attempted to come to the rescue (second century A.D.) and named the wild carrot Daucus pastinaca.
Wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa) is a member of the carrot family (Apiaceae) which contains about 300 genera and more than 3,000 species, including carrots, parsley, cumin, dill, fennel, celery, Queen Anne's lace, poison hemlock, and their relatives.