Born Jan. 31, 1854, in Aachen; died Sept. 30, 1928, in Innsbruck. German-born Austrian historian.
In 1901, Pastor became director of the Austrian Historical Institute in Rome. From 1920 to 1928 he was Austria’s envoy at the Vatican. Pastor’s fame rests on his multivolume history of the papacy based on archival materials, especially on the Vatican archives.