on the brink of land privatization in Northern Cote d Ivoire.
The balance of the first chapter reflects on the stylistic elements of pastoralism
, with a bulleted list of eleven such characteristics that Saylor unpacks for the benefit of the ensuing four chapters.
Because the traditional and seasonal mobility of pastoralists across state boundaries (in search of a multiplicity of ecosystems) is vital for the sustainability of pastoralism
it comes into clash with notions of state sovereignty.
From this time, a new generation of critics regarded pastoralism
as represented by Vaughan Williams as out-of-date, and young composers were turning increasingly to serialism.
It is estimated that about 50 million people rely on pastoralism
for a major part of their livelihood in Sub-Saharan Africa, with around half of them located in the Sahel and the Saharan fringes, and 70 per cent classified as poor by the World Bank.
That means the centuries-old practice of pastoralism
will likely remain vulnerable so long as the government's policies stay the same and chronic issues like population growth and overgrazing continue to degrade resources that nomadic herders need to thrive. While these communities won't give up pastoralism
entirely if they don't have to, it's a reality many may soon face.
In the book's clear and cogent introduction, the study's lead author, Gunther Schlee, the Director of the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle, Germany compellingly presents an interpretation, which sees pastoralism
as an adaptive and innovative specialization rather than an anachronistic means of production.
As this phase of pastoralism
collapsed from the 1930s, the cultural dualism that Dutton had mastered as a droving Aborigine was rendered meaningless.
Moreover, their genetic analysis revealed strong evidence of recent positive selection affecting several variants associated with this trait in African populations, most likely in response to the cultural development of pastoralism
, however, is extremely well suited to this type of environment.
, as a way of life, is little understood.
With a richness that defies neat summary, the third chapter broaches the issue of pastoralism
. Suffice it to say that the topics covered include a historiographic review of pastoral and Arcadian art; an explication of pastoral as more of an artistic mode than a content-specific genre (although it is that too); an exemplary reading of Francesco Trevisani's Flight into Egypt (c.