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1. a composition evocative of rural life, characterized by moderate compound duple or quadruple time and sometimes a droning accompaniment
2. a musical play based on a rustic story, popular during the 16th century
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in music:

(1) An opera, pantomime, or ballet having a plot that gives an idealized picture of rural life. Pastoral music, which emerged under the influence of pastoral literature, enjoyed popularity in the 17th and 18th centuries, especially at the Italian and French courts. The composers of pastoral operas included Gluck, Mozart, J.-B. Lully, and J.-P. Rameau. In the opera The Queen of Spades, Tchaikovsky re-created the pastorale “The Shepherdess’ Sincerity.” Pastoral operas were occasionally composed even in the 20th century.

(2) A vocal or instrumental work presenting scenes from nature or from rural life. Characteristic of the instrumental pastorale are a serenely flowing melodic movement, often doubled in thirds; sustained bass notes suggesting the sound of bagpipes; and 6/8 or 12/8 meter. The pastorale was sometimes included as a movement in the concerto grosso, but it was usually composed as a separate work. Among the composers of instrumental pastorales are Vivaldi, D. Scarlatti, F. Couperin, and J. S. Bach. Symphonic pastorales were composed as parts of cyclical compositions, or they were complete cycles in themselves (for example, Beethoven’s “Pastoral” Symphony).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Consequently, I analyze Calidore's entrance into Melibee's shepherd community and his wooing of Pastorella as an allegory of literary modes--a fictive representation of Spenser's own attempt to contain Petrarchism with pastoral.
The inclusion of "II mio bene io gia perdei" from La pastorella nobile in this volume reveals that Calvesi sang high Cs and Ds, supporting her characterization of his vocal abilities.
Indeed, in addition to financial support, alumni serve community colleges as mentors to current students, academic program board members, and volunteers in efforts such as welcoming new students on the first day of each semester (Boyd, Williams, & Pennington, 2009; Pastorella, 2003).
"La pastorella" is a charming strophic song for soprano to a text by N.
"We're talking about a Navy that for more than 200 years is traditionally sea-centric," said Pastorella. "If you ask anybody about the Navy they'll say, 'the Navy is boats and ships--men and women at sea.' Now we're telling them, 'shift that, you're now ground-pounders,' and they're doing it.
My main dish was pol lo all a pastorella, a breast of chicken baked with ham and mushroom and served with a tomato and mascarpone sauce.
When he finds her and requests her love, addressing her as "pastorella," we find that her rustic companion has conveniently disappeared: Robin or Gautier is not waiting within earshot, club in hand and mastiff tugging at the leash.
Like Aeneas, Calidore takes time out and finds his Dido, Pastorella. The knight enters a world of harmony and forgets about his quest, but he will find that there is a need for order also in the pastoral world.
I found the short, tuneful arias and the ground-bass settings (on the passacaglia, romanesca, ruggiero and ciaccona) much more effective, which may reflect the structural gains in Frescobaldi's keyboard music: the expansive, sectional `Ceccona a due tenori', `Deh, vien da me pastorella', in the second volume is particularly striking.
The internationally-acclaimed classical duo Pastorella plan to record a CD featuring John's music before the end of the year.
The last two illustrations of The Faerie Queene depict pastoral scenes, plate thirty-two representing 'Pastorella & attendance - Old Melibee inviting Calidore to his cottage'.
So the links between the previous paper and Dr Chew's own contribution, 'The Austrian Pastorella and the stylus rusticanus', are strong.