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1. a composition evocative of rural life, characterized by moderate compound duple or quadruple time and sometimes a droning accompaniment
2. a musical play based on a rustic story, popular during the 16th century
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in music:

(1) An opera, pantomime, or ballet having a plot that gives an idealized picture of rural life. Pastoral music, which emerged under the influence of pastoral literature, enjoyed popularity in the 17th and 18th centuries, especially at the Italian and French courts. The composers of pastoral operas included Gluck, Mozart, J.-B. Lully, and J.-P. Rameau. In the opera The Queen of Spades, Tchaikovsky re-created the pastorale “The Shepherdess’ Sincerity.” Pastoral operas were occasionally composed even in the 20th century.

(2) A vocal or instrumental work presenting scenes from nature or from rural life. Characteristic of the instrumental pastorale are a serenely flowing melodic movement, often doubled in thirds; sustained bass notes suggesting the sound of bagpipes; and 6/8 or 12/8 meter. The pastorale was sometimes included as a movement in the concerto grosso, but it was usually composed as a separate work. Among the composers of instrumental pastorales are Vivaldi, D. Scarlatti, F. Couperin, and J. S. Bach. Symphonic pastorales were composed as parts of cyclical compositions, or they were complete cycles in themselves (for example, Beethoven’s “Pastoral” Symphony).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Virgin in the ballads is neither a disruptive nor transgressive figure like Marian of the pastourelles or the May games, however.
(36) One MA Hons graduate of these years, in French and German, who studied in Paris, Mary Radcliffe (MA 1958), died before completing, under the direction of Monsieur Jean Frappier, her doctoral thesis on the pastourelles; Graham Halligan later edited an important part of her work for publication.
While the MS D version of "Berenger" owes much of its humor to parodies of epic poetry and romance, the structural model of the pastourelle supplies the impetus for the inversions of gender, social rank, and the sexual encounter present in this version, and to a lesser degree in the other two manuscript versions.
This closely resembles the pattern of a principal genre of medieval love poetry, the pastourelle, describing an outdoor, unexpected encounter of a knight with a shepherdess (cf.
(2) here frowe is a vocative, the words addressed to the lady by the lover: 'There I was welcomed [with the words] "Noble Lady!", and so I shall be happy for ever!' Such flattery is common in the pastourelle, as for example when Guy d'Ussel's seducer calls the girl 'Toza de bon aire'.
"Aesthetic Distance in Petrarch's Response to the Pastourelle: Rime LII." Romance Notes 16 (1975): 702-07.
Thibaut de Navarre (1201-1253), "L'autrier par la matinee" (134) It is this power struggle across class and gender lines that is the driving force of the pastourelle, and is more significant than the actual outcome of the encounter.
Paden's essay, "The Figure of the Shepherdess in the Medieval Pastourelle," is an example of the transition of the figure of shepherdess in medieval French pastourelle.
The other venue, the Gallerie Rabouan Moussion on Rue Pastourelle in the Marias,is actually a former theatre which also served for a short time as a lampshade factory.
Medievalists from Europe, North America, and Israel first address concepts and approaches--the impact of the oral theory on medieval studies, the interplay of orality and literacy, questions of performance and performers, oral poetics, and orality and ritual--then traditions and genres: Older Germanic poetry, medieval German literature, drama, the ballad, the epic and lyric, Middle English romance, the Old French chansons de geste, the Italian cantari, Romanian epic songs, Hispanic epic and ballad, medieval Greek and Russian epic, Arabic epic narrative, Persian and Turkish epic and romance, medieval Hebrew traditions, Irish narrative, woman's songs, the pastourelle, popular song, and Andalusi-Arabic strophic poetry.