Pasture Yard

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pasture Yard

 

or paddock, an enclosed area of land near livestock-raising buildings or directly attached to such buildings, which is designed for animals living in the open air. The area of the pasture yard depends on the type, size, and number of animals. Construction of a pasture yard is directed according to the following approximate space norms per head (in sq m): 30-40 for purebred bulls, 8-15 for cows, 5-10 for younger animals; 25 for horses, 40-50 for pedigreed horses; 30 for hogs, 10-15 for ewes, 3-15 for suckling pigs, 0.5-1.0 for fattened pigs; 3-4 for sheep, 8 for chickens, 5-6 for ducks, 10 for geese, and 12 for turkeys. When necessary, feeding and drinking troughs are placed in the pasture yard. For large horned cattle without tethers, sheaves of hay and straw and clamps of silage are placed on the ground.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.