The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Italian Pataria), adherents of a popular movement in northern Italy during the second half of the 11th century.

The Patarine movement began in Asti, Varese, and Pavia with the expulsion of bishops appointed by the emperor. Its chief center was Milan, whose Pataria quarter (the city’s flea market) gave the movement its name. The Patarine movement assumed the form of a religious struggle, in which its leaders Arialdo and Landulph, supporters of the Cluniac reform, attacked marriage among the clergy and the practice of simony. In essence, however, it was an uprising by the urban poor against both the clergy and the feudal lords. Pope Victor II (1055–57) anathematized the movement’s leaders, but subsequently Pope Gregory VII (1073–85) supported the Patarines in order to use them in his struggle with the bishops, who were protégés of the emperor. Armed clashes between the Patarines and the feudal lords and clergy took place in Milan, Brescia, Parma, and Piacenza. The rebels were joined by vavasors, or petty feudal lords. The Patarine movement was crushed by the 1080’s. However, it contributed to the subsequent formation of communes in northern Italian cities in the late 11th and early 12th centuries.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Mulehet is in Saracen Language, as much to say as a place of Heretikes, and of this place they call the men Mulehetici, that is, Heretikes in their Law, as with us Patarines. Having spoken of the Countrey, the old man of the Mountayne shall bee spoken of, of whom Marco heard much from many.
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(28) Even The Catholic Encyclopedia does not label Patarines as heretics.