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city (1990 pop. 140,891), seat of Passaic co., NE N.J., at the falls of the Passaic River; inc. 1851. Founded in 1791 by Alexander HamiltonHamilton, Alexander,
1755–1804, American statesman, b. Nevis, in the West Indies. Early Career

He was the illegitimate son of James Hamilton (of a prominent Scottish family) and Rachel Faucett Lavien (daughter of a doctor-planter on Nevis and the estranged
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 and others of the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures, Paterson was a planned attempt to promote industrial independence in the newly formed United States by harnessing the water power of the falls. In 1792 and 1794 cotton-spinning mills were established. In 1835, Samuel ColtColt, Samuel,
1814–62, American inventor, b. Hartford, Conn. In 1835–36, he patented a revolving-breech pistol and founded at Paterson, N.J., the Patent Arms Company, which failed in 1842. An order for 1,000 revolvers from the U.S.
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 began the manufacture of the Colt revolver. Shortly thereafter the silk industry was established, beginning a silk boom which would earn Paterson the appellation "Silk City of the World." The iron industry, which initially supplied Paterson with textile machinery, was producing locomotives in great numbers by 1880. After World War I, the aeronautics industry moved to Paterson.

Although the silk industry is gone, textiles and transportation equipment are still made, and there is an apparel industry. Other industries produce electronic equipment, paper and food products, fabricated metals, rubber, and plastics; data-processing services also are important. During the first half of the 20th cent., notably in 1912–13, 1933, and 1936, many bitter strikes arose from bad labor conditions in the silk industry. The city has gradually become an ethnic center, with significant black and Hispanic populations. High unemployment rates marked Paterson in the late 20th and early 21st cent.

Of special interest is the historic district that centers around the roaring Great Falls of the river. The Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park (est. 2009) is a unique display of industrial history, with old cobblestone streets and stone bridges; the abandoned houses of workmen and mill owners; and industrial works that include several locomotive factories (one dating back to 1830), the Colt gun factory (1835), and historic spinning mills and waterworks.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in the northeastern USA, in New Jersey, on the Passaic River; a western suburb of New York. Population, 145,000 (1970); with the cities of Clifton and Passaic and their suburban areas, 1.4 million. Local industries produce equipment for the textile and garment industries. Paterson also has electronics, knitwear, and footwear industries. Paterson was once a major producer of silk fabrics. It was founded in 1791.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. Andrew Barton, known as Banjo Paterson. 1864--1941, Australian poet. His works include "Waltzing Matilda" and "The Man from Snowy River"
2. William. 1658--1719, Scottish merchant and banker: founded the Bank of England (1694)


a city in NE New Jersey: settled by the Dutch in the late 17th century. Pop.: 150 782 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The judge said it was a grave offence and Paterson has shown no remorse for his crime.
During the week-long trial, the court heard the woman had been at a party also attended by Paterson in October 2017.
Mr Paterson said while there was much speculation about a general election later this year, the Conservatives would lose the right to be believed about anything if it did not keep its promises on Brexit.
Helldobler said that a revitalized Paterson keeps its graduates in the state, and he noted that 30 percent of New Jersey high school graduates do not seek post-secondary education.
However, prosecutor Harry Hadfield said Paterson had sent the victim a text message after the incident, which read: "From the bottom of my heart, I am sorry for what I did.
"There were some really good performances, none more so than Paterson," said Warnock.
<B Callum Paterson wheels away after scoring Cardiff City's opener at Leeds
Paterson, from Altrincham, Greater Manchester, was convicted of 20 crimes between 1997 and 2011 from his time working at the two Spire Healthcare hospitals in the Midlands and the NHS.
Poetry flows like water through Paterson. In fact, water is poetry.
Spire Healthcare, which runs private hospitals in the West Midlands where Paterson (pictured) worked, will contribute PS27.2 million to the total.