Patna

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Related to Patliputra: Chandragupta Maurya

Patna

(păt`nə, pŭt`–), city (1991 pop. 1,099,647), capital of Bihar state, NE India, on the Ganges River. It is the hub of a rice-growing region and is an administrative, commercial, and educational center. There is good transportation by road, rail, and air. The ancient name was Pataliputra. It was an imperial city during the MauryaMaurya
, ancient Indian dynasty, c.325–c.183 B.C., founded by Chandragupta (Chandragupta Maurya). He conquered the Magadha kingdom and established his capital at Pataliputra (now Patna). His son, Bindusara (d. c.
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 (c.325–185 B.C.) and GuptaGupta
, Indian dynasty, A.D. c.320–c.550, whose empire at its height encompassed much of N India. Ancient Indian culture reached a high point during this period. Gupta paintings adorned the caves of Ajanta, its sculpture embellished the temples of Ellora, and its
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 (c.320–A.D. 545) eras. Under the Maurya empire, when AśokaAśoka
or Ashoka,
d. c.232 B.C., Indian emperor (c.273–c.232 B.C.) of the Maurya dynasty; grandson of Chandragupta. One of the greatest rulers of ancient India, he brought nearly all India, together with Baluchistan and Afghanistan, under one sway for the
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 (270–230 B.C.) built a large palace there, it was one of the largest cities in the world; some ruins of the period remain. The city was revived during the rule of Afghans and Mughals. In the 18th cent. the East India Company made Patna a seat of trade.

Patna

 

a city in northern India on the right bank of the Ganges River; capital of Bihar State. Population, 490,300 (1971).

Patna is a major transportation junction and center of trade in agricultural products for the valley of the middle Ganges. It has cotton, food-processing, and metalworking industries. Local enterprises manufacture rugs, brocades, furniture, and metal-ware. The city has a university (founded 1917) and a library with a rare collection of Eastern manuscripts. The seat of the state government is in Bankipur, a suburb of Patna.

In antiquity the city was known as Pataliputra, considered to have been one of the largest cities of the ancient world, with an area of approximately 16 × 3 km. According to historical tradition, the city was founded during the reign of King Ajatasatru in the mid-fifth century B.C. and soon became the principal center of trade, crafts, and culture in northern India. It was the capital of the Magadha kingdom under the Nanda, Maurya, Sunga, and Kanva dynasties. It was also the capital of the Gupta state. By the end of Gupta rule (fifth-sixth centuries A.D.), Pataliputra had fallen into decline.

Descriptions of the city have been preserved in many Indian sources and in the writings of ancient Greek and Roman authors and Chinese travelers. In the seventh century, all that remained of the ancient, enormous city was a small settlement, from which arose medieval Patna. Patna remained a small town until the mid-16th century. During the 17th to 19th centuries it was an important center of handicrafts and trade. In the 20th century it was the capital of the province of Bihar and Orissa and later of Bihar State. Archaeological excavations have uncovered the remains of wooden and brick structures, which formed part of the palace of the Mauryas and other buildings, as well as numerous art relics.

Patna

ship, carrying Moslem pilgrims, abandoned by captain and crew in a storm. [Br. Lit.: Joseph Conrad Lord Jim]

Patna

a city in NE India, capital of Bihar state, on the River Ganges: founded in the 5th century bc; university (1917); centre of a rice-growing region. Pop.: 1 376 950 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Superintendent Office, Patliputra Medical College Hospital, Saraidhela, Bccl Township, Dhanbad-826005
There was no proper arrangement for food for the inmates," says the complaint petition filed with the Patliputra police station.
(1) Professor and HOD, Department of Pathology, Patliputra Medical College and Hospital, Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India.
Ritlal, who is lodged in jail in connection with a murder case, has also issued newspaper ads in his capacity as RJD general secretary, supporting party chief Lalu Prasad's daughter and Patliputra candidate Misa Bharti.
Patna (Bihar) [India], Jan 4 ( ANI ): Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) leader Tej Pratap Yadav on Thursday announced that his sister Misa Bharti will contest from Patliputra's Lok Sabha seat.
Patliputra seat has become a prestige fight for the RJD chief Lalu Prasad who had lost this seat in 2009 to his erstwhile close aide Ranjan Yadav.
THE election in the Patliputra constituency of Bihar is not all about the grudge fight between Lalu Prasad's eldest daughter Misa Bharti and his former close aide Ram Kripal Yadav.
Patna (Bihar) [India], Feb 1 ( ANI ): Three people were killed in a Natural Dairy factory in Patna's Patliputra due to gas leakage on Thursday.
Altogether 29 candidates -- 15 from Patna Sahib and 14 from Patliputra -- filed their papers on Wednesday.
In addition to Chhapra, which he now represents in Parliament, Lalu will file his nomination from Patliputra.
After ditching former close aide Ram Kripal Yadav, Lalu visited the family of notorious gangster Ritlal Yadav, currently lodged in Beur jail, on Saturday night to dissuade him from contesting the polls as an Independent candidate from Patliputra.
On Monday, Ram Kripal had announced that he would contest from Patliputra against Lalu Prasad's daughter Misa Bharti.