Patna


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Patna

(păt`nə, pŭt`–), city (1991 pop. 1,099,647), capital of Bihar state, NE India, on the Ganges River. It is the hub of a rice-growing region and is an administrative, commercial, and educational center. There is good transportation by road, rail, and air. The ancient name was Pataliputra. It was an imperial city during the MauryaMaurya
, ancient Indian dynasty, c.325–c.183 B.C., founded by Chandragupta (Chandragupta Maurya). He conquered the Magadha kingdom and established his capital at Pataliputra (now Patna). His son, Bindusara (d. c.
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 (c.325–185 B.C.) and GuptaGupta
, Indian dynasty, A.D. c.320–c.550, whose empire at its height encompassed much of N India. Ancient Indian culture reached a high point during this period. Gupta paintings adorned the caves of Ajanta, its sculpture embellished the temples of Ellora, and its
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 (c.320–A.D. 545) eras. Under the Maurya empire, when AśokaAśoka
or Ashoka,
d. c.232 B.C., Indian emperor (c.273–c.232 B.C.) of the Maurya dynasty; grandson of Chandragupta. One of the greatest rulers of ancient India, he brought nearly all India, together with Baluchistan and Afghanistan, under one sway for the
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 (270–230 B.C.) built a large palace there, it was one of the largest cities in the world; some ruins of the period remain. The city was revived during the rule of Afghans and Mughals. In the 18th cent. the East India Company made Patna a seat of trade.

Patna

 

a city in northern India on the right bank of the Ganges River; capital of Bihar State. Population, 490,300 (1971).

Patna is a major transportation junction and center of trade in agricultural products for the valley of the middle Ganges. It has cotton, food-processing, and metalworking industries. Local enterprises manufacture rugs, brocades, furniture, and metal-ware. The city has a university (founded 1917) and a library with a rare collection of Eastern manuscripts. The seat of the state government is in Bankipur, a suburb of Patna.

In antiquity the city was known as Pataliputra, considered to have been one of the largest cities of the ancient world, with an area of approximately 16 × 3 km. According to historical tradition, the city was founded during the reign of King Ajatasatru in the mid-fifth century B.C. and soon became the principal center of trade, crafts, and culture in northern India. It was the capital of the Magadha kingdom under the Nanda, Maurya, Sunga, and Kanva dynasties. It was also the capital of the Gupta state. By the end of Gupta rule (fifth-sixth centuries A.D.), Pataliputra had fallen into decline.

Descriptions of the city have been preserved in many Indian sources and in the writings of ancient Greek and Roman authors and Chinese travelers. In the seventh century, all that remained of the ancient, enormous city was a small settlement, from which arose medieval Patna. Patna remained a small town until the mid-16th century. During the 17th to 19th centuries it was an important center of handicrafts and trade. In the 20th century it was the capital of the province of Bihar and Orissa and later of Bihar State. Archaeological excavations have uncovered the remains of wooden and brick structures, which formed part of the palace of the Mauryas and other buildings, as well as numerous art relics.

Patna

ship, carrying Moslem pilgrims, abandoned by captain and crew in a storm. [Br. Lit.: Joseph Conrad Lord Jim]

Patna

a city in NE India, capital of Bihar state, on the River Ganges: founded in the 5th century bc; university (1917); centre of a rice-growing region. Pop.: 1 376 950 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Registrar, Snp Section, Iit Patna, Amhara Road, Bihta, Patna, Bihar-801106
The Bihar Pollution Control Board has already voiced serious concern over the rising pollution level in Patna and urged the government to take immediate action in this regard.
Sources said the investigating agency had picked up Saddam Hussain -- the son of a state government official posted in the statistics department -- from Kunkun Singh Lane near Patna University on Friday night.
The first blast took place outside the community toilet and bath complex in Patna railway station.
Putting to rest uncertainties about his political inning, popular TV host and actor Shekhar on Sunday made it clear that he will contest the parliamentary election against Shatrughan from the Patna Saheb constituency.
Patna (Bihar) [India], Dec 26 ( ANI ): On the intervening night of Monday and Tuesday, Takht Sri Patna Sahib Gurdwara in Bihar's Patna witnessed a heavy rush of devotees, who gathered to celebrate the 351st birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh.
Four people were detained in Patna, the Bihar Police said, adding that one of them, caught fleeing from the blast at the railway station, appeared to be the prime suspect.
New Delhi: Bihar's capital Patna is all set to become the second metropolitan city of eastern India after Kolkata.
Patna (Bihar) [India] Dec 26 ( ANI ): Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on Tuesday said that the government had started preparations for 350th Prakash Parv of 10th Sikh Guru Gobind Singh in 2010.
Cut to the present, a hardcover of Amitava Kumar's latest book A Matter of Rats: A Short Biography of Patna Aleph Book Company; 295) deceives you into thinking that the author is the modern day Pied Piper sans the revenge.
Tenders are invited for electrical distribution system and electrical bulk services at nit patna - balance work and providing computer operator for nitpesd cpwd patna in connection with Construction of boys hostel in the existing campus of nit at patna
Summary: Patna (Bihar) [India], Dec 22 (ANI): Patna has been decked up for 'Shukrana Samaroh', the concluding ceremony of Guru Gobind Singh's 350th birthday.