The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city of the Bosporan state. It is believed that the remains of a fortified settlement on the northern shore of the Gulf of Taman’ are the remains of Patraeus. Archaeological excavations of the site, which is being destroyed by the sea, were conducted from 1948 to 1961 by A. S. Bashkirov and in the 1960’s by N. I. Sokol’skii. It has been established that the settlement arose in the sixth century B.C. In the first century B.C., a fortress of unfired brick was built.

Patraeus was burned by enemies at the turn of the second century A.D. Its economy was based on agriculture, and wine-making was of great significance from the first to third centuries A.D. Patraeus was devastated by the Huns in the A.D. 370’s. Later a medieval settlement existed on the ruins of the ancient town.


Gaidukevich, V. F. Bosporskoe tsarstvo. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949. Pages 204–05.
Bashkirov, A. S. “Istoriko-arkheologicheskie izyskaniia na Tamanskom poluostrove v 1949–1951 gg.” Uch. zap. Iaroslavskogo pedagogicheskogo in-ta, 1957, vol. 22 (32).
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Whether it was president Abraham Lincoln and Gen Grant during the American civil war, president Franklin Roosevelt and Gen George Marshall during the Second World War, president Lyndon Johnson and Gen Williams Westmoreland during the Vietnam war, Gen MacArthur and president Truman during the Korean war, Gen Schwarzkopf and Gen Colin Powel with president Clinton and president Bush during the Iraq war or Gen McChrystal and Gen Patraeus with president Obama during the Afghan war civil and military commanders always had their disagreements but there never ever developed a widening gap that could not be bridged.
In terms of developing a coherent and effective COIN strategy, the contributors were almost unanimous that Gen David McKiernan, US Army, was the true architect of the plan rather than his more highly touted successors, US Army generals Stanley McChrystal and David Patraeus. Major General Sullivan clearly considered the replacement of McKiernan by McChrystal an act of political expediency by the administration in Washington, asserting that "tragically, politics trumped military vision and brilliance" (p.
6, 2010),8599,2008863,00.html (responding to General Patraeus's revision of the tactical directive in 2010, the reporter stated that "servicemen say that the strict rules put them in greater danger, even as they aim to avoid civilian casualties"); Kim Murphy, Officer Advises Against Court-Martial in Afghanistan Shooting Death, LA TIMES (Aug.
We have a beautiful letter from General Patraeus, who was commander of CENTCOM (U.S.
Former CIA Director David Patraeus testified behind closed doors before the Senate Intelligence Committee about the attack in November.
They are indeed important, he said — as evidenced by the scandal that led to the resignation of former CIA Director David Patraeus. That incident came to light after the FBI used IP addresses to track allegedly harassing emails, he noted.
Services Committee John McCain and Director of the CIA David Patraeus.
anticipated that General Patraeus will retire from active duty prior to
Patraeus, commander of the NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) and US forces, held a closed-door political and military strategy session with representatives from 12 other Muslim-majority countries, including Iran, as well as the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC).
Referring to the apology by American ambassador and NATO, the spokesman said even Mike Mullen Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff and General Patraeus have also regretted the violation of Pakistans territory by the NATO helicopters killing Pakistanis.He said the Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi also discussed the issue with NATO Secretary General during his meeting with him in Brussels and conveyed the sentiments of Pakistan on the violation of Pakistans territory by NATO helicopters.
General David Patraeus needs to act immediately and decisively to reduce his vulnerabilities.