Patrimonial Court

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Patrimonial Court

 

(votchinnyi sud), the court in which first the boyars and later the gentry exercised jurisdiction over their serfs in tsarist Russia from the 16th and 17th centuries until the emancipation of the serfs in 1861. The powers and limitations of the patrimonial court were established by special documents, or instructions, which the patrimonial judges received from the owner of the patrimonial estate.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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