Patroclus


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Patroclus: Odysseus, Briseis

Patroclus

(pətrō`kləs): see AchillesAchilles
, in Greek mythology, foremost Greek hero of the Trojan War, son of Peleus and Thetis. He was a formidable warrior, possessing fierce and uncontrollable anger. Thetis, knowing that Achilles was fated to die at Troy, disguised him as a girl and hid him among the women at
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Patroclus

 

in Greek mythology, a participant in the Trojan War and the friend of Achilles.

Achilles had withdrawn from battle because of a quarrel with Agamemnon. When the Trojans broke into the Greek camp in order to set fire to the Greek ships, Patroclus asked Achilles’ permission to join in the combat. After putting on his friend’s armor, Patroclus drove the Trojans back from the ships, but he himself was slain by Hector. The legend of Patroclus is found in the Iliad.

Patroclus

wore the armor of Achilles against the Trojans to encourage the disheartened Greeks. [Gk. Lit.: Iliad]
References in periodicals archive ?
Apparently, as Nestor reports, Ajax ironically "keeps his tent like [Achilles]" (1.3.190), "in imitation of these twain" (185), that is, copying Achilles and Patroclus. This provides another instance of a tent embracing a satirical function, as Ajax "Makes factious feasts; rails on our state of war" (191).
Objectification and undervaluation of women reaches its peak when, in one of the funeral games for Patroclus, Homer tells that the prize for the winner will be a tripod valued at twelve oxen, while the loser will get a woman valued only at four.
xvi) Fates: Returning to the battlefield after Patroclus' death, the rage of Achilles was so big that even Zeus feared the fact that he might go against the Fates and conquer Troy by himself (the Fates had foretold that Achilles would die outside Troy).
In fact, Book 17 focuses on Hector's stripping Patroclus' corpse of its armor (125ff.) and the Achaeans' overwhelming desire to avenge this effrontery.
between Achilles and Patroclus depicted in the second part of the Iliad
possessions locally were Park, parts of Curdworth which the modern Vale Foolishly, Patroclus enters into a slanging match with Thersites, who crushes his opponent with the most scathing crescendo of curses: "Now the rotten diseases of the suff, the guts-griping ruptures, catarrhs, loads o'gravel in the back, lethargies, cold palsies, raw-eyes, dirt-rotten livers, wheezing lungs, bladders full of imposthume, sciaticas, limekilns I' th' palm, incurable bone ache and the rivelled fee-simple of the tetter, take and take again such preposterous discoveries!" For us, the key word in that outpouring of vituperation is "suff".
Achilles re-enters the fray after the death of Patroclus which is eventually driven to the river; Hippomedon fights because the body of Tydeus has been taken away from him.
4.793) sleep, and are visited at dusk or soon thereafter (34) by dream-figures that are identified directly (Penelope's apparition) or indirectly (Patroclus's ghost) as [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (35) and that demonstrate their incorporeality when they leave.
And Achilles doesn't know his family, he doesn't have a duty--he only has a voluntary duty to his friend Patroclus. If you have duties like Hector does, you're a better person, you're happier: because Hector, he has someone he can rely on in ways.
Some famous Greek relationships were Achilles and Patroclus, Orestes and Pylades, Socrates and Alcibiades, and Theognis and Anacreon.
This year's winner of the Orange Prize for Fiction, focuses on Patroclus, an awkward young prince, who has been exiled to the court of King Peleus and his perfect son Achilles.