Petry's words reminded us of those of Achilles in Iliad 9, that simile then prompted us to think about a number of other Homeric metaphors and similes, such as one in which Achilles compares Patroklos to a little girl running after her mother, when Patroklos comes to Achilles in tears because of the devastating losses the Greeks are sustaining while Achilles remains out of battle (Iliad 16.
Carroll Moulton has noted that the relationship between Achilles and Patroklos is several times described in the Iliad by similes that involve the parent/children motif, and Achilles is usually in the role of the protector (see Moulton 1977:100-104 as well as Mills 2000).
She placed that sort of boldness into his dark heart, And he walked over to Patroklos, and threw his shining spear.
25) Whitman notes that Achilles, Patroklos, and Antilokhos are the only other major Greek warriors who do not witness their side's victory (1958, 199).
That the ambivalent sense of power and pity engendered by such a viewing experience was, in its mythological form, particularly popular with the Romans is demonstrated by the fact that the Pasquino group survives in no fewer than fourteen known copies, while its erotic equivalent, representing Achilles and Penthesilea, was on occasion even displayed together with the Menelaos and Patroklos group, as in the Hadrianic baths at Aphrodisias.
Weis, 'Pasquino and Sperlonga: Menelaos and Patroklos or Aeneas and Lausus (Aen.
Here Polycharmos may be humbling himself in order to better the prospects for Chaireas, (90) but it may be significant that elsewhere he is likened to Patroklos, the humbler companion to the noble Achilles.
The figure of the trustworthy young man ready to sacrifice his all for his friend is even older; the Iliad features Patroklos, to whom Chariton likens Polycharmos.
He is the brother of Euphorbos, who strikes the second blow against Patroklos in book sixteen, and also the brother of Hyperenor, killed by Menelaos, as we learn at the beginning of book seventeen.
534-36); and in the fight over the body of Patroklos, Poulydamas wounds Penelos (XVII.
28) In the sub-human cruelty into which he descends upon the death of his beloved companion Patroklos
, Achilles is the polar opposite of his all-too human, family-oriented, Trojan counterpart, Hektor.
The women whom Achilles and Patroklos
had taken captive screamed aloud for grief, beating their breasts, and with their limbs failing them for sorrow.