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a method of covering a definite area of the terrain, air space, or water by patrol parties for the purpose of observation, defense, or security. Patrolling may be done on foot or by motorcycles, combat or transport vehicles, airplanes, helicopters, or ships. Patrolling consists of periodic walks, drives, flights, or cruises around the assigned areas or on definite routes.
The composition of a patrol party depends on its mission and type and may include a group or subunit of servicemen and one or two aircraft or ships. Patrols are also organized in all garrisons to maintain order and military discipline among servicemen on the streets and in public places. For this purpose, garrison patrols are appointed, consisting of the patrol leader, who is an officer or a sergeant, and two or three patrol soldiers or seamen. In inhabited localities, on roads, and on the water, patrols may be organized by organs of the militia to maintain public order.