patron-client relationship

patron-client relationship

any continuing relationship, often contractual, in which a powerful or influential person provides rewards and services to humbler and weaker persons in return for loyalty and support, and perhaps also including the reciprocal exchange of some services. Such relationships are found especially in simple or traditional societies; similar relationships may also exist between states.

The concept may cover personalized relationships and include instances where both coercion and consent are involved. It has been of particular importance in understanding relationships of the peasantry (see PEASANTS) with other groups in society such as landlords or politicians. Usually the patron provides favours, services or protection in return for loyalty, political support, and maybe economic control. This relationship may extend outside the peasantry to a style of national politics in which electoral support is gained through fostering patron-client relationships, with a politician either giving or promising favours. Thus a system of clientelism may be one way of incorporating a wide population into national politics. Mouzelis (1986) discusses this and contrasts it with POPULISM as a form of political incorporation in parts of Latin America and the Balkans.

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Vicente Rafael writes that 'the patron-client relationship between God and king has a long history, stretching back to the Reconquista of the Middle Ages.
Fakhar Bilal, department of History, Royal Holloway University of London presented his paper on Mushroom Growth of Madrassasa in Pakistan: A Patron-Client Relationship in Urban Sindh, he said the word Madrsa do generate huge complexity, negative propaganda and curiosity among scholars of regional and international community since 9/11.
Becoming a "friend" of the Soviet Union could result in a patron-client relationship that exchanged status and recognition in the USSR for loyalty and public support abroad.
Relationships of that sort rarely go past the patron-client relationship.
In the last six years, a patron-client relationship between Moscow and the North Caucasus has been established.
However, the traditionally strong patron-client relationship the US has had with the Pakistan Army has fundamentally changed.
According to modern sensibilities, the pairing of a patron-client relationship with friendship may seem abusive and/ or opportunistic; such relationships might be described as involving "nepotism" or "servility.
In the introduction, Shoemaker astutely lays out the stakes for studying patronage and then, in chapter 1, reviews in general terms the ambiguities and paradoxes of the patron-client relationship.
He argues that whether oppositional organizations are centralized, decentralized, defined by a patron-client relationship, or exist in situations of multiplicity or fragmentation creates incentives for organizational members that affect the execution of such processes as formulation and implementation of strategy, coordination of activities, mobilizing resources, maintaining control and discipline, resilience in a hostile environment, attracting foreign aid, balancing intra-organizational cohesion and competition, and generation and preservation of knowledge.
This system as a whole is an outcome of historically framed patron-client relationship since generations.
The gains social-scientific criticism has made in the last thirty years in understanding the patron-client relationship, as well as the honor-shame dynamic that accompanied it, provide the current reader with resources to puzzle out the tangle of messages concerning wealth in Luke-Acts.
Hartney also illuminates relevant Greco-Roman cultural and religious traditions, including gender roles, the patron-client relationship, and Roman religiosity.