patron

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patron

[Lat.,=like a father], one who lends influential support to some person, cause, art or institution. Patronage existed in various ancient cultures but was primarily a Roman institution. In Roman law the lord was patronus (protector or defender) in relation to his freedmen and to others, known as his clients, whom he represented in the senate and before tribunals. Under the Roman Empire the term was applied to persons like MaecenasMaecenas
(Caius Maecenas) , d. 8 B.C., Roman statesman and patron of letters. He was born (between 74 B.C. and 64 B.C.) into a wealthy family and was a trusted adviser of Octavian (Augustus), who employed Maecenas as his personal representative for various political missions.
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 who supported artists and writers. Perhaps the most munificent patronage occurred in Italy during the RenaissanceRenaissance
[Fr.,=rebirth], term used to describe the development of Western civilization that marked the transition from medieval to modern times. This article is concerned mainly with general developments and their impact in the fields of science, rhetoric, literature, and
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 under patrons such as the MediciMedici
, Italian family that directed the destinies of Florence from the 15th cent. until 1737. Of obscure origin, they rose to immense wealth as merchants and bankers, became affiliated through marriage with the major houses of Europe, and, besides acquiring (1569) the title
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, the SforzaSforza
, Italian family that ruled the duchy of Milan from 1450 to 1535. Rising from peasant origins, the Sforzas became condottieri and used this military position to become rulers in Milan. The family governed by force, ruse, and power politics.
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, and many popes. Francis IFrancis I,
1494–1547, king of France (1515–47), known as Francis of Angoulême before he succeeded his cousin and father-in-law, King Louis XII. Wars with the Holy Roman Emperor
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 of France and his sister Margaret of NavarreMargaret of Navarre
or Margaret of Angoulême
, 1492–1549, queen consort of Navarre; sister of King Francis I of France. After the death of her first husband she married (1527) Henri d'Albret, king of Navarre; their daughter was Jeanne d'Albret.
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 were distinguished patrons of art and letters; a famous English patron was Lord ChesterfieldChesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th earl of,
1694–1773, English statesman and author. A noted wit and orator, his long public career, begun in 1715, included an ambassadorship to The Hague (1728–32), a
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. Since ancient times Christians have honored patron saints as tutelary guardians of persons, institutions, places, and crafts. Historically, artists have depended on institutional (e.g., government and church) as well as individual patronage; Picasso's Guernica and Chagall's stained glass windows are examples of commissioned works. Universities and private foundations have also become important sources of patronage for artists.

patron

1. a customer of a shop, hotel, etc., esp a regular one
2. See patron saint
3. (in ancient Rome) the protector of a dependant or client, often the former master of a freedman still retaining certain rights over him
4. Christianity a person or body having the right to present a clergyman to a benefice
References in periodicals archive ?
Probably the most dramatic material property that aerospace engineers and the public care about is how far a wing can bend before it breaks, said Patrone.
11 mm scharfe Patrone M/69 (kurz)--the Werder carbine's cartridge's consisted of a rimmed, bottle necked 35mm-long case that contained a 340-grain lead bullet backed by 39 gr.
Nuestra propuesta del algoritmo de reconocimiento de patrones recursivo adopta teorias sobre el funcionamiento del neocortex del cerebro humano (la region del cerebro responsable de las funciones cognitivas de alto nivel) [10], [11].
Con la reforma de la semana pasada, apunta, los diputados "le obsequian" al Ejecutivo y a los empresarios que sean ellos los que aprueben las tablas de enfermedades laborales y de valuacion a traves de un organismo llamado Comision Consultiva Nacional de Seguridad y Salud en el Trabajo (Coconasst, integrado por patrones y sindicatos "palomeados" por el gobierno).
Lo siguiente era obligar a que todos en la organizacion conocieran lo que existe para reutilizar (puesto que si no se hacia esto, no sabrian que cosa existe), y luego intentar obligar a que reutilizaran lo existente, bien sea en forma de patrones, lineas de producto o Frameworks.
Ademas, debido a la existencia de una gran variedad de patrones software y de interaccion, surge un problema al momento de decidir cual o cuales de los patrones de interaccion existentes son los mas apropiados para utilizar en el diseno de videojuegos soportados en Smartphones.
Dicha valoracion consta de los 11 patrones funcionales de salud adaptados a las caracteristicas especiales del paciente renal, detectando aquellos patrones funcionales de salud alterados para el diagnostico de enfermeria y para la realizacion posterior de un plan de cuidados individualizado.
Los participantes encontraban patrones inexistentes, buscaban un orden a partir de la irracionalidad.
Para contribuir a prevenir y eliminar estos defectos se utilizan los patrones de diseno.
Ya sea como 1111 proceso natural o como una consecuencia del modus vivendi del ser humano, el clima planetario ha sufrido un incremento significativo de la temperatura y una variacion en los patrones de precipitacion que se ha hecho mas evidente en las ultimas 5 decadas [1-2].
El objetivo de la presente tesis fue el de evaluar los patrones de la diversidad funcional a diferentes escalas, el efecto de la escala espacial y biogeografica, su variacion espacial y los principales determinantes a escala global, regional y nacional, asi como su relacion con la intervencion humana y las especies amenazadas.
En enfermeria, Barbara Carper (6) fue la primera en considerar cuatro patrones del conocimiento enfermero: empirico (o cientifico), personal, etico y estetico, que requieren procesos diversos de educacion-aprendizaje permanente e interrelacionado a fin de formar a un profesional en condiciones de responder a la complejidad de los desafios que enfermeria debe enfrentar: