The Indiana Farmer opposed the call "to purify the country" through "an uprising of the people without regard to former parties" and the Patrons of Husbandry, "as an Order, were in no way responsible" for it ("The Tenth of June" 1874).
At least one Grange leader reminded the crowd that the Patrons of Husbandry was not affiliated with any political party, and urged farmers to vote for good, honest men, irrespective of party affiliation ("Grange Pic-nic" 1874).
In his 1875 book, The Patrons of Husbandry
on the Pacific Coast, Ezra S.
By using a variety of rural institutions, most notably farmers' clubs, the purchasing arm of the Patrons of Husbandry
, and, for a period, the Montgomery Ward's catalog, farmers were able to fill their material needs through cooperative purchasing.
"Purchasing cooperatives operated through the Patrons of Husbandry
" Blanke affirms, "offered the clearest example of the dramatic synthesis that took place between rural Midwesterners' consumer behavior, economic outlook, and communal fidelity" (95).
Kelley, a Minnesota farmer and an employee of the Bureau of Agriculture in Washington, D.C., established the National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry
. The Grange movement had a slow start, but it greatly expanded as a result of the panic of 1873 and reached a membership peak of 858,000 in 1875.
Henry Allen Nutting of Berlin, who was installed as master of Berlin Grange, patrons of husbandry
, comes from a family that has produced more chief executives of subordinate Granges than any other unit in the Bay State.
THE LEADERSHIP of the Patrons of Husbandry
and the Patrons of Industry in late 19th-century Ontario offered ideological visions of class harmony, the promise of united political action through antipartyism, and the assurance of material prosperity to Ontario's farmers, the history of agrarian protest can be viewed as one of broken promises and unfulfilled expectations.
Members: Membership in the Grange, officially known as the Order of Patrons of Husbandry
, peaked in the 1950s with about 1 million Grangers nationwide.