(both: pät`tänē`), city (1990 pop. 41,605), capital of Pattani prov., S Thailand, on the east coast of the Malay Peninsula, near the mouth of the Gulf of Thailand. It is a port and the center of a region producing most of the spices grown in Thailand, as well as rubber and coconuts. Tin is mined and smelted, salt is extracted, and nests for bird's-nest soup are harvested. The people are for the most part Malay Muslims.

Pattani was a seat of the SailendraSailendra
, name of a dynasty in Indonesia and SE Asia. The dynasty appeared in central Java in the 7th cent. and had consolidated its position by the mid-8th cent. The Sailendras, who adopted Buddhism, extended their power over the Sumatran domains of Sri Vijaya and the Malay
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 power during the Sailendra domination of the Malay Peninsula and later was the center of a Malay state, which was drawn into the Thai orbit. With AyutthayaAyutthaya
, or Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
, city (1990 pop. 61,185), capital of Ayutthaya prov., S central Thailand, on the Chao Phraya River. It is the trade center for a prosperous rice-growing region. Ayutthaya was the capital of a Thai kingdom founded c.
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, it was one of the first places in Siam opened to the Portuguese in the 16th cent. At first bound only by tenuous links of suzerainty to the courts of Ayutthaya and Bangkok, against which it was several times in revolt, the Pattani sultanate was annexed in 1902. The region has been the scene of attacks by Malay separatists (in the 1970s and 80s and again in the early 21st cent.).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Two armed civilian volunteers were killed in the bombing and shooting attack at a checkpoint in Pattani province, security force spokesman Pramote Prom-in told Reuters, dismissing any link between the terrorist attack and the interrogation of Abdullah Issa Musa, who was found incautious after he had been taken from his residence to a military camp, spreading rumors among the locals that he has been subject to torture.
Two soldiers and two armed civilian volunteers were killed in the bombing and shooting attack at a checkpoint in Pattani province late on Tuesday, security force spokesman Pramote Prom-in told Reuters.
In the cable, His Highness the Amir expressed deepest condolences over victims of a bomb attack that targeted Ramadan Market in Bo Thong town, Nong Chik, Pattani, reaffirming at the same time Kuwait's strong condemnation of the heinous criminal act that resulted in the loss of innocent lives, as well as causing instability to the friendly country.
AA Yala, along with Narathiwat and Pattani, the three southernmost provinces in Thailand, have seen violence since 2004, often with bomb attacks and shootings in the volatile region that has killed more than 7,000 people.
And Haiesha Mistry and Krupa Pattani who play Hollyoaks sisters Yasmine and Farrah Maalik walked the carpet together.
The UK management team, headed up by Sachin and Uzma Pattani, welcomed guests to a night full of authentic, street-style Thai food and service, and were also thrilled to see the beautifully dressed Thai ladies with their vibrant traditional silks and golden head pieces.
In this picture taken on September 1, former Thailand house of representatives speaker and transport minister Wan Muhammad Noor Matha speaks during the launch of the Prachachat political party in Pattani. About 500 co-founders launched the "Prachachat" party, formed by Muslim politicians of the Wadah group.
Tengku Rakiah Tengku Muhammad, the grandchild of the last Sultan of Pattani, Tengku Abdul Kadir Kamaruddin Syah, died in Bangkok early this morning.
They were buried as martyrs,' said Muhammad, a forty-something-year-old Malay resident of Pattani province, Thailand.
BANGKOK Thousands of fishermen in the southern Thai town of Pattani went on strike on Monday as an act of protest against government regulations imposed on their industry in the wake of revelations of human rights abuses and forced labour.