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Pau(pō), city (1990 pop. 83,928), capital of Pyrénées-Atlantiques dept., SW France, at the foot of the Pyrenees. It is a major year-round tourist center, renowned for its spa and winter sports, as well as its scenery. It has metallurgical and wool industries, and aeronautical equipment, shoes, and clothing are manufactured. Founded in the 11th cent., it became the capital of BéarnBéarn
, former province, SW France, in the Pyrenees. It is now the inland part of Pyrénées-Atlantiques dept. Its valleys are well cultivated, and cattle are bred. Pau replaced Orthez as the capital in the 15th cent.
..... Click the link for more information. in the 15th cent. and the residence of the kings of NavarreNavarre
, Span. Navarra , autonomous community and province (1990 pop. 527,318), N Spain, bordering on France, between the W Pyrenees and the Ebro River. Pamplona is the capital.
..... Click the link for more information. in 1512. Henry IV was born in its château. Its university was founded in 1724.
a city in southwestern France and the capital of the Department of Basses-Pyrénées. Population, 76,000 (1968). Railroad junction on the line to Spain by way of the Puerto de Somport. Pau has machine-building, food-processing, textile, and footwear industries.