Born Dec. 12, 1893, in the village of Codieşti, district of Vaslui; died June 26, 1960, in Bucharest. Figure of the Rumanian workers’ movement.
Pauker, the daughter of a peasant, worked as a teacher after graduating from a Gymnasium. From 1915 to 1921 she was in the Social Democratic Party of Rumania (SDPR), and in 1921 she joined the Communist Party of Rumania (CPR). At the Second Congress of the CPR, held in October 1922, she was elected to the party’s Central Committee (CC). From 1928 to 1931, Pauker attended the International Leninist School in Moscow. She then worked in the Executive Committee of the Communist International (ECCI) until 1934, when she returned to Rumania. In 1935 she joined the secretariat of the CC of the CPR. In 1935, Pauker was arrested and in 1936 sentenced to ten years’ imprisonment. She was released in May 1941 at the demand of world public opinion and with the assistance of the USSR. In 1941 she became the CPR representative to the ECCI, and in 1943 and 1944 she headed the foreign bureau of the CPR.
Pauker returned to Rumania after the country was liberated from fascism in 1944. From 1945 to 1948 she was a member of the politburo and a secretary of the CC of the CPR. After the CPR and the SDPR were merged into the Rumanian Workers’ Party (RWP) in 1948, she was a member of the politburo and a secretary of the CC of the RWP from February 1948 to May 1952. From December 1947 to July 1952, Pauker was minister of foreign affairs.