Celan, Paul

(redirected from Paul Antschel)

Celan, Paul

(pôl sālŏn), pseud. of

Paul Antschel

(änt`shschwa;l), 1920–70, Romanian-French poet. Although he spent his early years in Romania and his later years in France, Celan wrote in German and is widely considered the greatest postwar poet in Europe. A Jew, who lost both parents in a Nazi camp, he composed works that focus on the moral horror of the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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 and the destruction of the world as he knew it, as in his most famous poem, "Deathfugue." Celan was strongly influenced by Friedrich HölderlinHölderlin, Friedrich
, 1770–1843, German lyric poet. Befriended and influenced by Schiller, Hölderlin produced, before the onset of insanity at 36, lofty yet subjective poetry, modeled on classic Greek verse.
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, Rainer Maria RilkeRilke, Rainer Maria
, 1875–1926, German poet, b. Prague, the greatest lyric poet of modern Germany. Life

Rilke's youth at military and business school was not happy. His relations with his father were difficult, and he was able to attend the Univ.
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, Georg TraklTrakl, Georg
, 1887–1914, Austrian expressionist poet. Trakl's work, influenced by French impressionist poetry, reveals his disgust with imperialistic society. An absorption with sorrow and decay permeates his Gedichte
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, and Osip MandelstamMandelstam, Osip Emilyevich
, 1892–1938, Russian poet. Mandelstam was a leader of the Acmeist school. He wrote impersonal, fatalistic, meticulously constructed poems, the best of which are collected in Kamen [stone] (1913) and Tristia (1922).
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. Frequently dissonant and freighted with pain, his poems are richly allusive and complicated. Celan was also a masterful translator of such authors as Shakespeare, Valéry, and Dickinson. He lived in Paris from 1948 until his suicide by drowning.


See the collection of his critical essays, ed. by A. Fioretos (1993); translations of his work by J. Neugroschel (1971), M. Hamburger (1988), N. Popov and H. McHugh (2000), J. Felstiner (2001), and P. Joris (2001); biography by I. Chalfen (1979; tr. 1991); J. Feltsiner, Paul Celan: Poet, Survivor, Jew (1995).

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Fim de abril de 1945, Paul Antschel foge de Cernauti, sua cidade natal, para Bucareste, com alguns livros, um monte de manuscritos e um punhado de dinheiro como unica bagagem.
Assim, os primeiros livros publicados por Paul Antschel foram traducoes, dentre as quais: Os camponeses, um conto de Tchekhov, A questao russa, uma peca de teatro de Simonov, e Heroi do nosso tempo, um romance de Lermontov.
Atraves de seu trabalho na editora, Paul Antschel entrou automaticamente em contato com o mundo literario romeno.
He thinks of the poet Paul Celan, born Paul Antschel in Czernowitz, in 1920.
Paul Celan was born Paul Antschel in Czernowitz, Bukovina, Romania, in 1920.
One of her obsessions is the Holocaust, and some of her best known work includes "Conversations with Survivors" and "My Cousin Abe, Paul Antschel and Paul Celan," poems that address Osherow's own post-Holocaust consciousness.