Claudel, Paul Louis Charles Marie

(redirected from Paul Claudel)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Claudel, Paul Louis Charles Marie

 

Born Aug. 6, 1868, in Villeneuve-sur-Fère, Aisne; died Feb. 23, 1955, in Paris. French writer and diplomat. Member of the Académie Française (1946). His father was a custodian of mortgage obligations.

Claudel graduated from the School of Law and Political Science and passed the bar. He was French ambassador to Japan (1921–26), the USA (1927–33), and Belgium (1933–35). Claudel was a playwright (The Golden Head, 1890; Break of Noon, 1906), poet (The East I Know, 1900; Five Great Odes, 1910; and War Poems, 1922), aesthetician (Art of Poetry, 1907), and prose writer (Images and Parables, 1936). In his religious work (Comment and Interpretation, vols. 1–8, 1962–67), Claudel comes close to neo-Thomism.

The search for truth, a lively sense of history, and patriotism brought him from abstract scholasticism back to the world of real passions and social battles—for example, the tragic farce The Bear and the Moon (1927), the antifascist manifesto “An Appeal to the German People” (Oct. 29, 1939), and the narrative poem France Speaks Out (1943; Russian translation, 1968)—and prompted him to condemn bourgeois individualism and the cult of money (the dramatic trilogy The Hostage, 1911; Crusts, 1918; and Humiliation of the Father, 1920).

The essence of Claudel’s dramaturgy lies in extolling heroism (The Satin Slipper, 1929) and selflessness (Christopher Columbus, 1935) in the name of peace, love, and social duty (the stage oratorio Jeanne d’Arc au bûcher, 1939).

WORKS

Oeuvres complètes, vols. 1–26. Paris, 1950–67.
Oeuvres en prose. Paris, 1965.
Journal, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1968–69.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vols. 3–4. Moscow, 1959–63.
Lunacharskii, A. V. “Drama Klodelia.” Sobr. soch., vol. 5. Moscow, 1965. Pages 344–48.
Tairov, A. Ia. Zapiski rezhissera. Moscow, 1970.
Entretiens sur P. Claudel. Editors in chief G. Cattaui and J. Madaule. Paris-The Hague, 1969.
Plourde, M. P. Claudel. Montreal, 1970.

V. P. BALASHOV

References in periodicals archive ?
A Albert Camus B Eugene Ionesco C Paul Claudel D Moliere 2.
TheatroDionysos in Nicosia is getting ready to present the play Break of Noon by the French poet, dramatist and diplomat Paul Claudel, as of tonight and until January 14.
Often, the writers whom Stetie invokes are canonical ones, like Paul Valery, Julien Gracq, and Paul Claudel.
The bronze version includes a sweeping backdrop that goes from undergrowth to canopy, fashioned with deep recesses; it was described by the artist's brother, Paul Claudel, as related to 'the Wagnerian melopoeia'--an example of how he projected his own poetic sensibility on to her work while overlooking its message of desperation.
OVER SEVERAL MONTHS IN 1951 and 1952, the 83 year-old Paul Claudel engaged in a series of wide-ranging radio interviews with the poet and literary personality Jean Amrouche.
Paul Claudel ajoute dans ce sens que nos yeux ne sont-ils pas [beaucoup moins que]cette flaque inexploree de lumiere liquide que Dieu a mise au fond de nous-memes[beaucoup plus grand que] ?
La extraordinaria artista permanecio en la sombra, de su madre, de su hermano, el poeta Paul Claudel y del propio Rodin, quien siempre mantuvo relaciones con sus modelos sin dejar a su companera de vida Rose Beuret.
Para Paul Claudel, poeta converso, Rimbaud era un mistico en estado salvaje.
Au debut du XX-e siecle, son salon attire l'elite intellectuelle, litteraire et artistique de l'epoque parmi lesquels on peut mentionner: Edmond Rostand, Paul Claudel, Paul Valery Colette, Andre Gide, Maurice Barres, Frederic Mistral et beaucoup d'autres.
En concreto, el autor trae a colacion textos de autores como H61derlin, Goethe, Keats o Paul Claudel.
Binoche celebra que el filme de Bruno Dumont aborde por primera vez el final de Camille, abandonada a su suerte en un hospital psiquiatrico por familiares, entre ellos su hermano el poeta Paul Claudel (1868-1955), quienes jamas aceptaron su amasiato.