Paul Dessau


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Paul Dessau
Birthday
BirthplaceHamburg, German Empire
Died
NationalityGerman
Occupation
Composer and Conductor
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dessau, Paul

 

Born Dec. 19, 1894, in Hamburg. German composer and conductor (German Democratic Republic). Member of the United Socialist Party of Germany since 1948. Member of the German Academy of Arts since 1950 (vice-president from 1959 to 1969).

Dessau began appearing in concerts while he was a child. He studied piano and composition from 1910 to 1912 at the Klindworth-Scharwenka Conservatory in Berlin. In the 1920’s he conducted in theaters in Cologne, Mainz, and Berlin. Beginning in 1928 he wrote film music and works for workers’ vocal ensembles (Vereine). After the fascists came to power, he emigrated first to Paris (1933), then to the USA (1939), where he joined the Communist Party in 1946. He taught in music schools and wrote songs for the masses, dedicated to republican Spain and the French Popular Front. The song Thälmann Column (1936) was widely known. In 1942, Dessau became friendly with B. Brecht, and this friendship to a large extent determined the future work of the composer. In 1948 he returned from emigration.

A many-faceted and original artist, Dessau took part in many different kinds of musical activity, including symphonic and chamber music, songs and choruses, oratorios, and film music. His most significant works are operas written to Brecht’s librettos The Condemnation of Lucullus (1949) and Puntila (1960), as well as incidental music for Brecht’s plays (Mother Courage and Her Children and The Good Woman of Setzuan, for example). In his vocal compositions Dessau used texts of V. V. Mayakovsky, P. Neruda, F. Wolf, and I. Becher and Cuban poets. He received the National Prize of the German Democratic Republic in 1953, 1956, and 1965.

REFERENCES

Hennenberg, F.Dessau-Brecht musikalische Arbeiten. Berlin, 1963.
Hennenberg, F. Paul Dessau: Eine Biographic. Leipzig, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
(4.) Thomas Nadar, "The Music of Kurt Weill, Hanns Eisler, and Paul Dessau in the Dramatic Works of Bertolt Brecht" (PhD dissertation, University of Michigan, 1974), 44-50.
(5.) Paul Dessau, Paul Dessau: aus Gesprachen erschienen anlasslich des 80.
Now owned by Worcester City Museum, Paul Dessau's 1942 painting Night shows the devastation around St Paul's Cathedral, with two ghostly firemen at the centre and a wheelchair to the left "with a garment or blanket draped across it, a disturbing detail which hints at recent events which are left to the viewer's imagination".
Norman Hepple's The Philosophical Fireman (above) and (right) Paul Dessau's 1942 painting Night shows the devastation around St Paul's Cathedral, with two ghostly firemen at the centre and an empty wheelchair to the left
For the film enthusiast, though, this book is a treasure-trove of information, Prawer gives numerous facts on production, distribution, and reception that can be difficult to locate, he addresses the role of music by Jewish composers such as Paul Dessau and Hanns Eisler in "silent" film and beyond, and he even provides post- 1933 biographical information, for example when he describes how actors Hans Albers and Hans Moser supported their Jewish partners during the Nazi period (p.
The third, Voyages of the God of Happiness, was to be an opera with Paul Dessau and "an exploration of the viability of parable as a vehicle for antifascist drama" (p.
Chapter 4 is devoted to Lucullus, the controversial collaboration with Paul Dessau in which Brecht sought to consolidate through practice his considerable stature, as a distinguished returning exile, in the German Democratic Republic.
NEW YORK A Jean Cocteau Repertory presentation of a play in three acts by Bertolt Brecht, in a translation by Marc Blitzstein with music by Paul Dessau. Directed by David Fuller.
The plays and scenes assembled in Die Stucke 1, including a libretto titled Drachenoper for the Brecht composer Paul Dessau's opera Lanzelot, all date from the two decades between the late 1940s and the late 1960s.
(Auch gegen den Weltuntergang hatte er nichts einzuwenden, wenn er nur sicher ware, dass sein Buch daruber noch herauskommen kann.)" As to unlimited playfulness and readerly fun, compare the first draft of a Brechtian letter to the composer Paul Dessau: "Grosser Entschwundener, Herr der hinteren Wolkengebirge!
Nor is it often that a new publication presents an anthology of unknown pieces by such recognized composers as Kurt Weill, Darius Milhaud, Arthur Honegger, Stephan Wolpe, Aaron Copland, Paul Dessau, and Ernst Toch.
Das Verhor in der Oper, edited with notes by Joachim Lucchesi, documents the genesis and the reception of the opera Das Verhor des Lukullus (The Trial of Lucullus) composed in 1951 by Paul Dessau on a libretto by Bertolt Brecht.