Paul Gavarni

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gavarni, Paul


(pseudonym of Sulpice Guillaume Chevalier). Born Jan. 13, 1804, in Paris; died there Nov. 23, 1866. French graphic artist.

Gavarni was a self-taught artist who had brilliant mastery of the vivid and expressive sketch, lithograph, and water-color. His lithographs and caricatures, which are full of humor and striking, although not profound, observations on the everyday life of the petite bourgeoisie, bohemia, and so on, were included in many Parisian publications. During his stay in England (1847-51), Gavarni turned to the depiction of the dark aspects of urban life (gravures dedicated to the poor of London and life in the workers’ quarters). His last series of lithographs are deeply pessimistic. Gavarni illustrated the works of H. Balzac, E. Sue, and others.


Warnod, A. Gavarni. Paris, 1926.
Adhemar, A. Catalogue (Bibliotheque nationale). Paris, 1954.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The larger point, however, is that Dote, like Manet, as well as like Guys, Paul Gavarni, and Honore Daumier, even while soaring across Olympian heights and Stygian depths in an opiate delirium, always kept one foot rooted in the realities of modern Parisian life.
Physiologies and caricatures by artists like Paul Gavarni and Edouard de Beaumont thematize the ambiguities of posing and the problematic relationships between artist and model and between the model and the figure she portrays.