Paul III


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Paul III,

1468–1549, pope (1534–49), a Roman named Alessandro Farnese; successor of Clement VIIClement VII,
c.1475–1534, pope (1523–34), a Florentine named Giulio de' Medici; successor of Adrian VI. He was the nephew of Lorenzo de' Medici and was therefore first cousin of Pope Leo X.
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. He was created cardinal by Alexander VIAlexander VI,
1431?–1503, pope (1492–1503), a Spaniard (b. Játiva) named Rodrigo de Borja or, in Italian, Rodrigo Borgia; successor of Innocent VIII. He took Borja as his surname from his mother's brother Alfonso, who was Pope Calixtus III.
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, and his influence increased steadily. A very astute church diplomat, he directed his efforts chiefly in aid of the reforming party. With his election a new era in the papacy opened, for papal involvement in the Counter ReformationCounter Reformation,
16th-century reformation that arose largely in answer to the Protestant Reformation; sometimes called the Catholic Reformation. Although the Roman Catholic reformers shared the Protestants' revulsion at the corrupt conditions in the church, there was present
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 began. Paul favored a new council to reconcile the Protestants and reform the church. After elaborate preparations, countless intrigues, and several false starts the Council of Trent (see Trent, Council ofTrent, Council of,
1545–47, 1551–52, 1562–63, 19th ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church, convoked to meet the crisis of the Protestant Reformation.
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) convened (1545). At his accession Paul appointed a special commission, made up of the most ardent reformers; this commission was valuable to the council for the information it had on actual conditions in Rome. Paul also patronized the newly founded Jesuits (see Jesus, Society ofJesus, Society of,
religious order of the Roman Catholic Church. Its members are called Jesuits. St. Ignatius of Loyola, its founder, named it Compañia de Jesús [Span.,=(military) company of Jesus]; in Latin it is Societas Jesu (abbr. S.J.).
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), the great agents of the Counter Reformation. The pope's interest in art was very great: he founded the Farnese PalaceFarnese Palace,
in Rome, designed by Antonio da Sangallo (see under Sangallo) for Cardinal Alessandro Farnese (Pope Paul III). It was begun before 1514 and, after the architect's death, was continued by Michelangelo and completed by Giacomo della Porta.
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, had MichelangeloMichelangelo Buonarroti
, 1475–1564, Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet, b. Caprese, Tuscany. Early Life and Work

Michelangelo drew extensively as a child, and his father placed him under the tutelage of Ghirlandaio, a respected artist of the day.
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 continue the decoration of the Sistine ChapelSistine Chapel
[for Sixtus IV], private chapel of the popes in Rome, one of the principal glories of the Vatican. Built (1473) under Pope Sixtus IV, it is famous for its decorations. By far the best-known achievements in the chapel are the work of Michelangelo.
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, and rebuilt and repaved many streets in Rome. He was succeeded by Julius III.

Paul III

original name Alessandro Farnese. 1468--1549, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (1534--49). He excommunicated Henry VIII of England (1538) and inaugurated the Counter-Reformation by approving the establishment of the Jesuits (1540), instituting the Inquisition in Italy, and convening the Council of Trent (1545)
References in periodicals archive ?
Massey's oldest son, Paul III, works in commercial office leasing at Avison Young.
The significant players in the drama are brought to the fore--for example, Pope Paul III and his persistence in calling the council in the first place (albeit for a complex mix of desire for ecclesial reform and political power): the papal legate Cardinal Giovanni Morone whose pragmatic leadership in the third period brought the council to completion against all odds: the French Cardinal Charles de Guise with his continuous calls for reform.
Although not part of the exhibition proper, Abundance and Peace (1558) by Guglielmo della Porta, originally carved for the tomb of Paul III in St Peter's, was a welcome addition for those interested in the history of papal tombs.
Most of Tremellius' intellectual companions--men like the Augustinian prior of San Frediano in Lucca, theologian Peter Martyr Vermigli (see the 2009 Brill Companion), a disciple of converso reformer Juan de Valdes, preacher Girolamo Zanchi, and Latinist Paolo Lacizi, with whom Tremellius fled Italy for Bucer's Strasbourg in 1542, when Paul III resuscitated the Roman Inquisition--were after all Catholic priests and monks (as Luther and Bucer of course had been before them, while Tremellius' exact contemporary Calvin too had first been destined for the Roman priesthood).
Under the Farnese Pope Paul III (1534-49), he assumed a leading role among the bankers in the Curia.
The Galway veteran has just been signed up to play Pope Paul III in a second series of The Tudors.
Ushers were Billy Carroll Paul III, John Coleman Pipkin, Christopher Scott Keaton, and Justin Clay Duke.
Charles V (1500-1558), Philip II (his son and heir), Francis I, Pope Paul III, doges, noblemen, cardinals and condottieri asserted and imposed themselves.
In demonstrating Christian opposition to slavery during the colonial period, he sheds light on three largely forgotten decrees by Pope Paul III in 1537--which were ignored by the Spanish colonists at the time.
p In 1538 Pope Paul III excommunicated Henry VIII after he declared himself supreme head of the Church of England p In 1903 Orville Wright made the first successful sustained and controlled
As part of a grand cultural and political program of promotion, playwright and painter memorialized Paul III and marked the new glory of CounterReformation Rome.
Through his preaching and his writing, he criticized many of the same abuses in the Church that had been cited by Luther and by the reform commission established by Pope Paul III.