Paul IV

Paul IV,

1476–1559, pope (1555–59), a Neapolitan named Gian Pietro Carafa; successor of Marcellus II. First superior of the Theatines (see Cajetan, SaintCajetan, Saint
, 1480–1547, Italian churchman and reformer. Son of the count of Thiene, he studied civil and canon law, but abandoned work as a jurist at the papal court to become a priest.
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), he was sternly ascetic. A leading reformer, he organized the Inquisition set up by Paul IIIPaul III,
1468–1549, pope (1534–49), a Roman named Alessandro Farnese; successor of Clement VII. He was created cardinal by Alexander VI, and his influence increased steadily.
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. As pope, he labored to purify the clergy and abolish corruption and worldliness from the papal curia, thus promoting reform (see Counter ReformationCounter Reformation,
16th-century reformation that arose largely in answer to the Protestant Reformation; sometimes called the Catholic Reformation. Although the Roman Catholic reformers shared the Protestants' revulsion at the corrupt conditions in the church, there was present
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). He repudiated the settlement between Mary IMary I
(Mary Tudor), 1516–58, queen of England (1553–58), daughter of Henry VIII and Katharine of Aragón. Early Life

While Mary was a child, various husbands were proposed for her—the eldest son of Francis I of France (1518), Holy Roman
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 of England and Reginald Cardinal PolePole, Reginald,
1500–1558, English churchman, archbishop of Canterbury (1556–58), cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was a cousin of the Tudors, being the son of Sir Richard Pole and of Margaret, countess of Salisbury, who was the daughter of George, duke of
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, and he later declared Elizabeth IElizabeth I,
1533–1603, queen of England (1558–1603). Early Life

The daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, she was declared illegitimate just before the execution of her mother in 1536, but in 1544 Parliament reestablished her in the succession after
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 illegitimate and unfit to be queen. He was succeeded by Pius IVPius IV,
1499–1565, pope (1559–65), a Milanese named Giovanni Angelo de' Medici; successor of Paul IV. He was probably not related to the great Medici family.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Uganda had previously hosted Pope Paul IV in 1969 and Pope John Paul II in 1993.
In 1559, Pope Paul IV gave instructions to issue the first Index of Librorum Prohibitorum (Index of Prohibited Books) which is a list of books and papers that should be banned and stopped from reaching the people because of their heretical or ideologically unsuitable contents in the eyes of the church.
1 have four amazing and talented step-kids: Paul IV (18); Griffin (15); Meghan (12); and Ryan (10).
declared saints and martyrs by pope paul iv on 25th october,1970.
Not only are the New Sacraments invalid; but the dogmatic Apostolic Constitution "Cum Ex Apostolatus Officio" issued by Pope Paul IV on 15 February 1559, has been completely ignored.
Edwards points out that her connections with the Habsburgs did her little good in her relationship with the papacy as her father-in-law, Charles V, came into a conflict with Pope Paul IV.
The first Roman Index, issued in 1559 by Pope Paul IV and revised a few years later by the Council of Trent, banned books deemed heretical, superstitious, and immoral or obscene, as well as entire classes of books, such as non-Catholic translations of the New Testament.
He was the first dean of the college elected Pope since Paul IV (1555-59) and the first cardinal bishop elected Pope since Pius VIII (1829-30).
The Dominicans and Franciscans who staffed this institution compiled a remarkably lenient record in prosecuting witches, especially after the death of the intolerant Pope Paul IV in 1559, just as the European witch-hunt was entering its most intense phase.
An avviso--one of the anonymous news bulletins sent out to various rulers and diplomats (9)--reports that peace had just been concluded in the war between Spain and the ruling Pope Paul IV (r.
After recounting a brief history of Christian views toward Jews and Muslims, Lazar establishes the increasing strictures in the early modern period against these non-Christians, which led to the establishment of the Jewish ghetto in Rome under Paul IV in 1555.
As architect to the Vatican palace during the reign of first Paul Iv and then the high-spending Pius IV, who poured a million and a half gold scudi into architecture and fortifications during the first three years of his pontificate, Ligorio was at the heart of renaissance architecture during the late 1550s and early 1560s.