Paul IV

Paul IV,

1476–1559, pope (1555–59), a Neapolitan named Gian Pietro Carafa; successor of Marcellus II. First superior of the Theatines (see Cajetan, SaintCajetan, Saint
, 1480–1547, Italian churchman and reformer. Son of the count of Thiene, he studied civil and canon law, but abandoned work as a jurist at the papal court to become a priest.
..... Click the link for more information.
), he was sternly ascetic. A leading reformer, he organized the Inquisition set up by Paul IIIPaul III,
1468–1549, pope (1534–49), a Roman named Alessandro Farnese; successor of Clement VII. He was created cardinal by Alexander VI, and his influence increased steadily.
..... Click the link for more information.
. As pope, he labored to purify the clergy and abolish corruption and worldliness from the papal curia, thus promoting reform (see Counter ReformationCounter Reformation,
16th-century reformation that arose largely in answer to the Protestant Reformation; sometimes called the Catholic Reformation. Although the Roman Catholic reformers shared the Protestants' revulsion at the corrupt conditions in the church, there was present
..... Click the link for more information.
). He repudiated the settlement between Mary IMary I
(Mary Tudor), 1516–58, queen of England (1553–58), daughter of Henry VIII and Katharine of Aragón. Early Life

While Mary was a child, various husbands were proposed for her—the eldest son of Francis I of France (1518), Holy Roman
..... Click the link for more information.
 of England and Reginald Cardinal PolePole, Reginald,
1500–1558, English churchman, archbishop of Canterbury (1556–58), cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was a cousin of the Tudors, being the son of Sir Richard Pole and of Margaret, countess of Salisbury, who was the daughter of George, duke of
..... Click the link for more information.
, and he later declared Elizabeth IElizabeth I,
1533–1603, queen of England (1558–1603). Early Life

The daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, she was declared illegitimate just before the execution of her mother in 1536, but in 1544 Parliament reestablished her in the succession after
..... Click the link for more information.
 illegitimate and unfit to be queen. He was succeeded by Pius IVPius IV,
1499–1565, pope (1559–65), a Milanese named Giovanni Angelo de' Medici; successor of Paul IV. He was probably not related to the great Medici family.
..... Click the link for more information.
References in periodicals archive ?
In both present cases too, our heroes--Origen and Erasmus--were sold down the river by the hatred, contrived or other, of former friends or admirers: Jerome and Epiphanius in the case of Origen, Pope Paul IV in the case of Erasmus.
In the early years of the Society of Jesus, its suppression or disbandment was a very real threat, especially when one of the archenemies of the Jesuits, Cardinal Carafa, became Pope Paul IV.
Uganda had previously hosted Pope Paul IV in 1969 and Pope John Paul II in 1993.
So also, the Catholic Church rejects nothing that is true and holy in other religions as Pope Paul IV proclaimed in post conciliar documents of the Vatican II on 28 Oct 1965.
In 1559, Pope Paul IV gave instructions to issue the first Index of Librorum Prohibitorum (Index of Prohibited Books) which is a list of books and papers that should be banned and stopped from reaching the people because of their heretical or ideologically unsuitable contents in the eyes of the church.
1 have four amazing and talented step-kids: Paul IV (18); Griffin (15); Meghan (12); and Ryan (10).
Edwards points out that her connections with the Habsburgs did her little good in her relationship with the papacy as her father-in-law, Charles V, came into a conflict with Pope Paul IV.
Tracing its roots back to the papacy of Paul IV in 1555, this edict was meant to undergird the Catholic Church's new campaign against the Jews.
The first Roman Index, issued in 1559 by Pope Paul IV and revised a few years later by the Council of Trent, banned books deemed heretical, superstitious, and immoral or obscene, as well as entire classes of books, such as non-Catholic translations of the New Testament.
The story is the suppression of prostitution in papal Rome; it begins with the rigorous and austere pontificate of Paul IV, followed by his successors Pius IV, Pius V, and Sixtus V--all devoted to stamping out sin in the capital of the reforming Catholic world.
He was the first dean of the college elected Pope since Paul IV (1555-59) and the first cardinal bishop elected Pope since Pius VIII (1829-30).