Paul Pelliot


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Pelliot, Paul

 

Born May 28, 1878, in Paris; died there Oct. 26, 1945. French Orientalist. Member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (1921).

From 1906 to 1908, Pelliot headed a French research expedition to Central Asia, where he collected many epigraphic samples in Tunhuang. From 1911 he was a professor at the Collège de France. He became editor in chief of the journal T’oung pao in 1920 and was president of the Asiatic Society from 1935.

Pelliot studied Chinese history and Chinese literary works from various periods. He researched many problems in the language and culture of the Mongols; the history of Taoism, Buddhism, and foreign religions in China; and the history and culture of other peoples of Central Asia. During the occupation of France by fascist German troops (1940–44), Pelliot was active in the Resistance. He was a foreign corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1922).

WORKS

“Les Systèmes d’écriture en usage chez les anciens Mongols.” Asia Major, 1925, vol. 2, fasc. 2.
Oeuvres posthumes, vols. 1–6. Paris, 1949–60.
Notes on Marco Polo, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1959–63.

REFERENCE

Duyvendak, J. J. L. “Paul Pelliot.” T’oung pao. 1948, vol. 38.
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A French mission under Paul Pelliot acquired thousands of items the following year, and Japanese and Russian expeditions soon followed in their footsteps.
Over a century ago, Paul Pelliot (1903) published in the Bulletin de l'Ecole francaise d'Extreme-Orient, a remarkable account of a visit in the early third century AD by two Chinese emissaries of the Wu Emperor to Southeast Asia.
The French scholar Paul Pelliot came through in 1907, collecting a number of pieces from Kucha, now in the Musee Guimet, Paris.
During the first quarter of the 20th century, a great number of Silk Road treasures were removed from Xinjiang and Dunhuang during the expeditions led by Sven Hedin, Aurel Stein, Albert von Le Coq, Gruwedel Albert, Paul Pelliot, Langdon Warner, and Otani Kozui.
He also did not hesitate to take on the great Sinological giants, including Paul Pelliot, whom Zach referred to as the "soi-disant Papst der Sinologie.
Tsiperovich (1918-2000), presents one hundred seventeen letters written by Alekseev to the great French sinologists Edouard Chavannes (1865-1918) and Paul Pelliot (1878-1945).
Both had on display pictures of Paul Pelliot, who died more than half a century ago, before these scholars were born.
I am the only scholar still alive who knew Paul Pelliot well.
Other notable contributions were made by the eminent French sinologists Edouard Chavannes and Paul Pelliot and there have been many other studies on various aspects over the years.
Paul Pelliot (T'oung Pao 27 [1930]: 429-34) questioned the reliability of the present Xinyu in a review of Annemarie von Gabain's German translation, Ein Furstenspiegel: Das Sin-yu des Lu Kia (Ph.
3 The best discussion of the origin of the texts of the Old School that occasioned the debate remains Paul Pelliot, "Le Chou king en caracteres anciens et le Chang chou che wen," Memoires concernant l'Asie orientale 2 (Paris, 1916): 123-77.