Paul Scarron


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Scarron, Paul

 

Born July 4, 1610, in Paris; died there Oct. 7, 1660. French writer. Opponent of classicism and literary preciosity.

Scarron’s first published work was A Collection of Burlesque Verse (1643), which was followed by the epic travesties Typhoon, or Gigantomachia (1644) and Vergil Travestied (1648–52). In the new genre that he originated, the burlesque epic travesty, he depicted the gods and heroes of antiquity endowed with human vices. His epics inspired numerous imitations. The Comic Novel (1651–57), which brought Scarron fame, depicted the life and mores of provincial society. Scarron preferred the Spanish theater to the French and borrowed heavily from the former for his comedies Jodelet, or the Valet as Master (staged 1645, published 1646) and Don Japhet From Armenia (staged 1646). Scarron’s comedies occupy an important place in the history of French dramaturgy. His last work was the series Tragicomic Stories (published 1661).

WORKS

Oeuvres, vols. 1–7. Paris, 1786.
Théâtre complet. Paris, 1879.
Poésies diverses, vols. 1–2, 1947–[1961].
In Russian translation:
Komicheskii roman. Foreword by N. Kravtsov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.
Tragikomicheskie novelly. Foreword by V. Bliumenfel’d. Leningrad, 1938.
Komedii. Foreword by V. Lozovetskii. Moscow, 1964.

REFERENCES

Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 396–99.
De Armas, F. Paul Scarron. New York [1972],
Cioranescu, A. Bibliographie de la littérature française du XVII siècle, vol. 3. Paris, 1966.

T. G. KHATISOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Entre ellos cita a Paul Scarron, quien, siendo uno de los mejores conocedores de la literatura espanola en general y de Cervantes en particular, se ha dejado influir por el en dos de sus trabajos, en Le Faux Alexandre y en la Roman comique.
The Dialogues were a series of conversations modeled on the dialogues of Lucian, between such figures as Socrates and Michel de Montaigne or Lucius Seneca and Paul Scarron.
Butler derived his outline from Miguel de Cervantes, and his burlesque method from Paul Scarron.
De Lenclos's lovers were many and influential; her intellectual admirers included the playwright Moliere, the poet Paul Scarron, and the skeptic Saint-Evremond.
Mandeville's first works in English were burlesque paraphrases from the 17th-century French writers Jean de La Fontaine and Paul Scarron.
His Rome ridicule (1649) started the fashion for burlesque poems that was to be developed later by Paul Scarron.