Paul Signac

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Signac, Paul

Signac, Paul (pōl sēnyäkˈ), 1863–1935, French neoimpressionist painter. First influenced by Monet, he was later associated with Seurat in developing the divisionist technique. Interested in the science of color, he painted with a greater intensity and with broader strokes than Seurat. In such vigorous, colorful works as Port of St. Tropez (1916; Brooklyn Mus., New York City) Signac broke through the confines of neoimpressionist theory. He wrote a treatise, D'Eugène Delacroix au néo-impressionisme (1889), long considered the foremost work on the school.


See study by his granddaughter, Françoise Cachin (tr. 1973).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Signac, Paul


Born Nov. 11, 1863, in Paris; died there Aug. 15, 1935. French painter and engraver.

Signac studied in Paris at the Académie Privée de Bing. At first he was influenced by impressionism. In 1886, under the influence of Seurat and Pissarro, he turned to neo-impression-ism, consequently becoming the movement’s major theorist and one of its leading painters. In a number of his works, Signac adhered strictly to Seurat’s doctrine of dividing colors into their component parts, yet the flatness and ornamental character of his works anticipated art nouveau (Portrait of Félix Fénéon, 1890, private collection, New York). In his other works, primarily seascapes, Signac used various tonal combinations to capture a particular emotion (View of the Port of Marseilles, 1911, National Museum of Modern Art, Paris).

In 1884, Signac helped organize the Salon des Indépendants. An active public figure, he supported the principles of the French Communist Party. Signac visited the USSR in the 1930’s.


Ot Ezh. Delakrua k neoimpressionizmu. Moscow, 1913. (Translated from French.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Goldfarb's early AbEx work, commendable as it is, took on a particularly personal thrust when her Tachisme eventually ceded place to the nervous dots of Neo-Impressionism, the "scientific method" of Georges Seurat and Paul Signac that reformulated the effect of light through the application of tiny points of pure color mixed, as it were, within the eye.
Nevinson (1889-1946), Lucien Pissarro (1863-1944), William Rothenstein (1872-1945), Walter Sickert (1860-1942), and Paul Signac (1863-1935); the critics Clive Bell (1881-1964) and Roger Fry (1866-1934); and--with great regularity--Pound and Yeats.
"To think that the neoimpressionists are painters who cover canvases with little multicolored spots is a rather widespread mistake," wrote Paul Signac in his manifesto of their movement.
Fellow Postimpressionists Gauguin, Toulouse-Lautrec, Emile Bernard and Paul Signac (the often-unsung Pointillist)--all are considered here.
Later, it had an impact on the Impressionists and particularly the Neo-Impressionist Paul Signac. Monet used Chevreul's ideas in the 1870s.
(You should take the reproduction of Paul Signac's 1927 picture Le Pont Marie on the CD cover as no more than ah evocation of mood.
He met and made friends with the early impressionists: Paul Gauguin, Paul Signac, Camille Pissarro, Edgar Degas, Claude Monet and George Seurat.
PAUL Signac was first seduced by the Cote d'Azur when he moored his yacht in St Tropez during May 1892.
Art experts place Segantini among the divisionists, a neo-impressionist school of painting that includes the French pointillist master Paul Signac. The style emphasises the viewer's impression of light and colour.
The works are "Maison dans la verdure," by Paul Cezanne; Camille Pissarro's "Rue des roches au Valhermeil a Auvers-sur-Oise, chaumieres et vache"; Paul Signac's "Rue de la Station, Asnieres"; Henri Martin's "Le Port de Collioure"; and Pierre-Auguste Renoir's "Vase de fleurs."