Pauncefote of Preston, Julian Pauncefote, 1st Baron

Pauncefote of Preston, Julian Pauncefote, 1st Baron

(pôns`fo͝ot), 1828–1902, British diplomat. He served in various positions in the colonies before becoming (1882) permanent undersecretary for foreign affairs. As minister (ambassador after 1893) to Washington from 1889 until his death, Pauncefote dealt successfully with the problems concerning seal fishing in the Bering Sea, the Venezuela Boundary Dispute, and the Panama Canal question, which was readjusted by the Hay-Pauncefote TreatiesHay-Pauncefote Treaties
, negotiated in 1899 and 1901 by Secretary of State John Hay, for the United States, and Lord Pauncefote of Preston, British ambassador to the United States, for Great Britain, with the object of modifying the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty, concerning the
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 (1899–1901). He preserved friendly relations between Great Britain and the United States during the Spanish-American War and in 1899, as senior British delegate to the First Hague Conference, was a leading figure in the formation of a permanent tribunal of arbitration. He was created baron in 1899.
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