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Related to Pausanias: Themistocles, Pericles, Alcibiades


(pôsā`nēəs), d. c.470 B.C., Spartan general; nephew of King Leonidas. He was the victorious commander at Plataea (479) near Thebes in the Persian Wars and followed up the battle with expeditions to Cyprus and Byzantium. From Byzantium he was called home to face a very circumstantial charge of treasonable negotiations with Persia; he was acquitted (c.475). The accusation was repeated several years later, and he was acquitted again, only to be accused (this time probably justly) of planning a coup at Sparta, in collaboration with the exiled ThemistoclesThemistocles
, c.525–462 B.C., Athenian statesman and naval commander. He was elected one of the three archons in 493 B.C. In succeeding years many of his rivals were eliminated by ostracism and he became the chief figure of Athenian politics.
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. To escape arrest he took sanctuary in a temple, where he was left to starve.


fl. A.D. 150, traveler and geographer, probably b. Lydia. His Description of Greece is an invaluable source for the topography, monuments, and legends of ancient Greece. There are translations by J. G. Frazer and W. H. S. Jones.


See study by C. Habicht (1969).



Died 385 B.C. in Tegea. King of Sparta from 408 to 394.

In 403, at the time of the campaign in Attica, Pausanias supported the Athenian democrats led by Thrasybulus in their successful attempt to wrest control of Athens from the extremist oligarchic forces backed by the Spartan military commander Lysander and from the government of the Thirty Tyrants. The latter had been put in power by Lysander, whose growing influence posed a threat to Pausanias.

In 395, during the Corinthian War, Pausanias, who was then with the army in Boeotia, did not link up in time with Lysander’s troops; as a result, Lysander perished, and the Spartan army was defeated. Sentenced to death on this account in 394, Pausanias fled to Tegea, where he died.



Died circa 470 B.C. Spartan military commander.

During the Greco-Persian Wars (500–449 B.C.), Pausanias commanded the forces of the Greek city-states in their victory at Plataea in 479, and in 477 he won back the city of Byzantium, which had been captured by the Persians. Suspected of treasonous negotiations with the Persians, Pausanias was twice brought to trial by the ephors but was acquitted. Around 470 he was accused of preparing an uprising of the Helots. He concealed himself in a temple, but the Spartans walled up the temple door, causing Pausanias to die of starvation.



Ancient Greek writer who lived during the second century A.D.

Apparently a native of Lydia, Pausanias traveled in Italy, Sardinia, Corsica, Arabia, and Syria. His Description of Greece, consisting of ten books, was probably written during the eighth decade of the second century. It is a unique guide to the most noteworthy architectural and artistic works of central Greece and the Peloponnesus, most of which have not survived and are known only through Pausanias’ descriptions. Pausanias gives detailed descriptions of these works and invaluable information on Greek mythology, religion, and history. In addition to his own impressions, he utilized writings that have not survived, among them the works of such historians as Ister, such geographers as Polemon and Artemidorus, and such poets as Rhianus.


Opisanie Ellady, vols. 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1938–40. (Translation by and introductory article by S. P. Kondrat’ev.)
Pausanias’s Description of Greece, vols. 1–6. London, 1898. (Translation and commentary by J. G. Frazer.)


2nd century ad, Greek geographer and historian. His Description of Greece gives a valuable account of the topography of ancient Greece
References in periodicals archive ?
auch die Rede des Pausanias im Hause des Poeten Agathon Plat.
Pausanias also wrote about the so-called "Midas spring," a water source about which much was written in the AnkE-ra area.
The battle epiphanies described by Pausanias also fit this pattern; see further Pritchett 1979, 11-46 and Platt 2011, 218 with n.
Pausanias relates that Plataea's king "found the bodies lying [there] and buried them" (Dew: 1975, 10.
Schachter, "Evolutions of a Mystery Cult," 115; Pausanias, Pausanias' Description of Greece an English translation by W.
A popular account, often incorrectly attributed to Pausanias, relates that the tithing was paid in the form of a solid gold egg.
However, Pausanias makes it clear that it was the people of Delphi, not the Thessalians, who were responsible for the cult, that it was celebrated on an annual basis as a ceremony of purification ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]), and that it was entirely separate from the Pythian Games (Paus.
Pausanias mentions the truce observed by the Corinthians in order to hold the Isthmian Games.
At the risk of simplifying Neer's several-pronged approach, one can say that he attaches fundamental importance to the hitherto largely neglected issue of the relation of the objects of his analyses to the beholder, an issue he tackles by looking closely at (and thinking hard about) a wide range of significant works--not all of them well known--and by mobilizing clues from poetic and other textual sources, from Homer to Pausanias.
Nay, so fearful were the Athenians of omitting any, that, as Pausanias tells us, they erected Altars of unknown Gods.
When the text of the Symposium is taken up, Cooksey characterizes each of the speakers: Phaedrus as still merely a journeyman in the ways of symposia, Pausanias as lawyerly, Eryximachus as medical or even scientific, Aristophanes as comic playwright, and Agathon as tragic playwright.
Libranno led home a one-two for trainer Richard Hannon in the seven furlong dash for the Classic generation with stable-companion Pausanias a close second under Richard Hughes.