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Related to Pausanias: Themistocles, Pericles, Alcibiades


(pôsā`nēəs), d. c.470 B.C., Spartan general; nephew of King Leonidas. He was the victorious commander at Plataea (479) near Thebes in the Persian Wars and followed up the battle with expeditions to Cyprus and Byzantium. From Byzantium he was called home to face a very circumstantial charge of treasonable negotiations with Persia; he was acquitted (c.475). The accusation was repeated several years later, and he was acquitted again, only to be accused (this time probably justly) of planning a coup at Sparta, in collaboration with the exiled ThemistoclesThemistocles
, c.525–462 B.C., Athenian statesman and naval commander. He was elected one of the three archons in 493 B.C. In succeeding years many of his rivals were eliminated by ostracism and he became the chief figure of Athenian politics.
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. To escape arrest he took sanctuary in a temple, where he was left to starve.


fl. A.D. 150, traveler and geographer, probably b. Lydia. His Description of Greece is an invaluable source for the topography, monuments, and legends of ancient Greece. There are translations by J. G. Frazer and W. H. S. Jones.


See study by C. Habicht (1969).

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Died 385 B.C. in Tegea. King of Sparta from 408 to 394.

In 403, at the time of the campaign in Attica, Pausanias supported the Athenian democrats led by Thrasybulus in their successful attempt to wrest control of Athens from the extremist oligarchic forces backed by the Spartan military commander Lysander and from the government of the Thirty Tyrants. The latter had been put in power by Lysander, whose growing influence posed a threat to Pausanias.

In 395, during the Corinthian War, Pausanias, who was then with the army in Boeotia, did not link up in time with Lysander’s troops; as a result, Lysander perished, and the Spartan army was defeated. Sentenced to death on this account in 394, Pausanias fled to Tegea, where he died.



Died circa 470 B.C. Spartan military commander.

During the Greco-Persian Wars (500–449 B.C.), Pausanias commanded the forces of the Greek city-states in their victory at Plataea in 479, and in 477 he won back the city of Byzantium, which had been captured by the Persians. Suspected of treasonous negotiations with the Persians, Pausanias was twice brought to trial by the ephors but was acquitted. Around 470 he was accused of preparing an uprising of the Helots. He concealed himself in a temple, but the Spartans walled up the temple door, causing Pausanias to die of starvation.



Ancient Greek writer who lived during the second century A.D.

Apparently a native of Lydia, Pausanias traveled in Italy, Sardinia, Corsica, Arabia, and Syria. His Description of Greece, consisting of ten books, was probably written during the eighth decade of the second century. It is a unique guide to the most noteworthy architectural and artistic works of central Greece and the Peloponnesus, most of which have not survived and are known only through Pausanias’ descriptions. Pausanias gives detailed descriptions of these works and invaluable information on Greek mythology, religion, and history. In addition to his own impressions, he utilized writings that have not survived, among them the works of such historians as Ister, such geographers as Polemon and Artemidorus, and such poets as Rhianus.


Opisanie Ellady, vols. 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1938–40. (Translation by and introductory article by S. P. Kondrat’ev.)
Pausanias’s Description of Greece, vols. 1–6. London, 1898. (Translation and commentary by J. G. Frazer.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


2nd century ad, Greek geographer and historian. His Description of Greece gives a valuable account of the topography of ancient Greece
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
(Daux 1967: 31-32, texto original em frances da passagem de Pausanias, traduzido por mim).
13-15) by Pausanias (c.110-c.180 CE) might be a fairly careful summary or extract of part of Plutarch's lost Life of Epaminondas, (46) He expanded on this observation in 1879 and suggested that part of the Life might also have influenced Pausanias's description of Arcadia.
54 and Pausanias 5.13.4; the story is referenced in numerous other sources.
El primer libro cumple la funcion de prefacio donde se aborda el pasado griego anterior a la guerra del Peloponeso desde una optica fuertemente teleologica, por ejemplo: los episodios de Pausanias y Temistocles, la 'Arqueologia', la citada 'Pentecontecia'.
Antes de proseguir hay que indicar que despues de las Guerras Persas, el general Cimon, rival de Pericles, habia hecho construir en el agora de Atenas un santuario dedicado a Teseo, el Teseion (10), del cual Pausanias seis siglos despues todavia puede dar testimonio.
In Homer's Iliad he is portrayed as mortal who was taught the art of healing by Chiron (4.200-205) while both Pausanias ([2.26.6] 26) and Pindar (Pythian 3) (12) believed he was the son of Apollo and Coronis.
Se consolido en la Merida de fines de la decada de los 60 la grespanizacion y manfredizacion: el creciente caos urbanistico merideno con tantas manfredisgracias ya acumuladas hasta hoy, tantas desgracias urbanisticas que la vieja Pedregosa, la guardada por unos pocos en memoria, a lo lejos nos parece un bucolico bosque pintado en letras por Virgilio o hasta por Pausanias. El maestro Briceno Guerrero no solo se arraigo en La Pedregosa sino en Merida.