Pavel Annenkov

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Annenkov, Pavel Vasil’evich


Born June 19 (July 1), 1813 (according to other information, June 18 [30], 1812), in Moscow; died Mar. 8 (20), 1887, in Dresden. Russian literary critic and memoirist.

In the 1840’s Annenkov was close to V. G. Belinskii, N. V. Gogol, and A. I. Herzen, and later, to I. S. Tur-genev. He was a liberal westernizer in his political convictions. He knew K. Marx personally and corresponded with him during 1846–47. In his literary criticism, he asserted the necessity for literature to exert a moral influence on society; however, he took the position of aesthetic criticism in his struggle against N. G. Chernyshevskii’s circle. His memoirs are a valuable source for the study of the social movement of the 1830’s and 1840’s.


Vospominaniia i kriticheskie ocherki, vols. 1–3. St. Petersburg, 1877–81.
Literaturnye vospominaniia. Foreword by N. K. Piksanov. Leningrad, 1928.
Literaturnye vospominaniia. Introductory article by V. P. Dorofeev. [Moscow,] 1960.


Istoriia russkoi kritiki, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.