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Pavlodar,city (1989 pop. 330,748), N Kazakhstan, on the Irtysh River. It is an oil-refining center, and manufactures include heavy machinery, aluminum, and chemicals. It was founded as a fortress in 1720, and remained for many years a quiescent salt manufacturing town.
a city; administrative center of Pavlodar Oblast, the Kazakh SSR. Located in the northeastern part of the republic on the Irtysh Plain, on the high, right bank of the Irtysh River. A major port on the Irtysh and a railroad station on the Southern Siberian trunk line, on the Tselinograd-Pavlodar-Kulunda line. Population, 228,000 (1974; 29,000 in 1939; 90,000 in 1959).
Founded in 1720 as the Koriakov outpost, it was later a stanitsa (large cossack village), and in 1861 it became the city of Pavlodar. The present-day city is the organizational center of the Pavlodar-Ekibastuz Industrial Complex and the center of large-scale manufacturing industry. The largest of the city’s new enterprises are a tractor plant, an aluminum plant (operating on Turgai and Kozyrev bauxites), a shipyard, tire repair and automobile repair plants, four combines producing reinforced-con-crete items, and three heat and electric power plants. Light industry is very important, as is food processing (meat-packing and milling combines, canned milk and fish-processing plants, and a brewery). The mainline Irtysh-Karaganda Canal begins at a point above Pavlodar.
Pavlodar has industrial and pedagogical institutes, a polytech-nicum, and assembly and economic-accounting technicums, as well as pedagogical, medical, and music schools. The A. P. Chekhov Drama Theater is located in the city, as are a museum of local lore and an art museum. The center of the city has a rectangular plan. Its streets have been paved with asphalt, parks have been developed, and the small, old wood and mud houses have, for the most part, been replaced with five- to nine-story modern apartment houses.
O. R. NAZAREVSKII