Ivan Pavlov(redirected from Pavlov reflex)
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Pavlov, Ivan Nikolaevich
Born Mar. 5 (17), 1872, in Popovka, in what is now Tula Oblast; died Aug. 30, 1951, in Moscow. Soviet engraver. Peoples’s Artist of the RSFSR (1943). Member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR (1947).
Pavlov studied at the Shtiglits Central School of Technical Drawing and in the studio of V. V. Mate (1891–92) in St. Petersburg. He taught in Moscow at the Stroganov Industrial Arts School from 1907 to 1914, the art school of the I. D. Sytin Typolithographic Association from 1915, and the free art studios of Vkhutemas (State Higher Art and Technical Studios) from 1917 to 1922. His students included V. I. Sokolov and M. V. Matorin. He was a member of the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia from 1925.
Pavlov specialized in color engraving. At first he created engravings for reproduction in magazines (Zaporozhets, from the study by I. E. Repin, 1895). Beginning in the first decade of the 20th century, he devoted himself mainly to original color woodcuts and linocuts (Ostankino, 1909; Grain Elevator on the Kama, 1925; the series Old Moscow, 1944–47). Pavlov received the State Prize of the USSR in 1943. He was also awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and various medals.