Pavlov

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Pavlov

Ivan Petrovich . 1849--1936, Russian physiologist. His study of conditioned reflexes in dogs influenced behaviourism. He also made important contributions to the study of digestion: Nobel prize for physiology or medicine 1904

Pavlov

 

an Upper Paleolithic settlement in Czechoslovakia, near the city of Mikulov in South Moravia. In 1952 the Czecho-slovakian archaeologist B. Klíma began excavations that uncovered the remains of more than ten permanent Paleolithic dwellings, flint implements, polished and drilled stone artifacts, bone spearheads, needles, digging tools, flutes, bone ornaments, drilled animal teeth, and seashells. Objects of art included bone carvings and figurines of humans and animals made of mammoth tusk, stone, and fired clay. Another find was a burial site of a man covered with the shoulder blade of a mammoth. The Pavlov archaeological site was the basis for establishing the existence of the Pavlov Paleolithic culture, widespread primarily in Central Europe. The culture has been dated to 24,000–28,000 years ago by the radiocarbon method.

REFERENCES

Grigor’ev, G. P. Nachalo verkhnego paleolita i proiskhozhdenie Homo sapiens. Leningrad, 1968.
Filip, J. Enzyklopädisches Handbuch zur Ur- und Frühgeschichte Euro-pas, vol. 2. Prague, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
The objective of this article is not to exhaustively review the details of the methods and results of the many studies published on behavioral momentum theory, although it does provide a review of the momentum literature to highlight references to Pavlovian processes in behavioral momentum.
Mowrer went beyond the Pavlovian conception of language as a "second signal system" and conceived the symbolic relations among events in terms of "sentences".
This outcome, however, is precisely what Todes focuses on when he writes about the fate of Pavlovian theory.
Potentiation or diminution of discrete motor unconditioned responses (rabbit eyeblink) to an aversive pavlovian unconditioned stimulus by two associative processes: Conditioned fear and conditioned diminution of unconditioned stimulus processing.
These S-O and S-R associations are the two associations that have been traditionally discussed within Pavlovian learning situations (e.g., Delamater & Lolordo, 1991).
BY HOUNDS, we mean lawyers; not that we're necessarily comparing lawyers to dogs, but the former do have something of a Pavlovian response to new regulation and the potential "opportunity" it affords ...
Bad cliches play racquetball with your mind while the Pavlovian Chinese water tactics gradually work their magic.
THE OTHER PAVLOVIAN EFFECT Stephen Kosslyn, director of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford, is most impressed by Pavlovian conditioning, in which a neutral stimulus such as a sound comes to be associated with a reward, such as food, producing a response, such as salivation.
I had decided not to react to the hourly rattle of my letterbox, to which I had developed a Pavlovian rage.
My hackles still rise, Pavlovian style, every time I hear her name.
The orientations covered include operant procedures, token economies, Pavlovian conditioning, stimulus and response control and desensitization, and implosive therapy.