Pavlovsk

(redirected from Pavlovsk Palace)

Pavlovsk

(päv`ləfsk), city (1989 pop. 25,500), NW Russia, a summer resort near St. Petersburg. Founded by Catherine the Great in 1777, it was named for Czar Paul I, for whose country estate it was intended. In 1796 it became the royal summer residence, and in the 19th cent. it also served as a summer residence for the nobility of St. Petersburg. Pavlovsk contains English gardens, villas, mansions, a palace (1782–86) in the Russian classical style, several park pavilions (1780–83), the Pil tower (1795–97), and the mausoleum of Paul I (early 19th cent.). From 1838 until the Bolshevik Revolution, Pavlovsk was the scene of symphonic concerts conducted by Johann Strauss, Aleksandr Glazunov, and other famous musicians. Heavily damaged during World War II, the buildings at Pavlovsk have been largely reconstructed.

Pavlovsk

 

a city in Leningrad Oblast, RSFSR, under the jurisdiction of the Pushkin raion soviet. Situated on the Sla-vianka River. Railroad station 26 km south of Leningrad. Population, 21,000 (1970). Pavlovsk was founded in 1777 as the village of Pavlovskoe; in 1796 it was renamed Pavlovsk and designated a city. In 1837 it was joined by railroad with St. Petersburg, facilitating the city’s rapid growth.

Pavlovsk has preserved its classical palace and palace grounds, designed by C. Cameron, V. F. Brenna, P. G. Gon-zago, and others. In 1918 the palace and its grounds became a museum and presently constitute the Pavlovsk Park and Museum of Artistic Furnishings of 18th- and 19th-century Russian Palaces. The austere and elegant palace, with its fine interiors, stands on a high hill. The major part of the palace was built from 1782 to 1786. Further construction took place in 1797–99, 1803, and 1822–24. The palace consists of a main building and separate wings connected to the main building by galleries. The grounds contain diverse pavilions and structures and consist of seven large sections, forming one of the largest romantic-style parks in the world (more than 600 ha). The park has regularly planned sections adjoining the palace. In the harmonious quality of the composition, the compatibility of the architecture with its environment, and the richness of natural vistas alternating with small landscaped areas, the palace and park form one of the most outstanding landmarks of Russian architecture and landscaping. Heavily damaged by the fascist German invaders during the years 1941–44, the buildings and the park were almost completely restored by 1973. Among those who contributed to the restoration were N. V. Baranov, A. I. Naumov, F. F. Oleinik, and S. V. Popova-Gunich.

REFERENCES

Zelenova, A. I. Pavlovskii park [2nd ed.]. Leningrad, 1958.
Alpatov, M. V. “Khudozhestvennoe znachenie Pavlovska.” In his book Etiudy po istorii russkogo iskusstva [vol.] 2. Moscow, 1967.
Kuchumov, A. M. Pavlovsk. Leningrad, 1972.

Pavlovsk

 

a city and administrative center of Pavlovsk Raion, Voronezh Oblast, RSFSR.

Pavlovsk is a landing on the left bank of the Don River at the confluence of the Don with the Osered’ River. It is situated on the Voronezh-Rostov-on-Don Highway, 37 km east of the Podgornoe railroad station on the Georgiu-Dezh-Millerovo line. It has food-processing enterprises, including a cannery, a creamery, and a food-processing combine. It also has an auto-repair shop and an asphalt-and-concrete factory. Other enterprises include a shipyard and a branch of the Don Garment Complex. Pavlovsk has a sovkhoz technicum and a pedagogical school, as well as a people’s theater and a children’s sanatorium for bone tuberculosis.


Pavlovsk

 

an urban-type settlement and administrative center of Pavlovsk Raion, Altai Krai, RSFSR. Located on the Kasmala River, a tributary of the Ob’, 52 km west of Barnaul. Population, 11,500 (1974). Pavlovsk has an agricultural machinery-repair plant, a butter factory, and a poultry-packing plant, as well as an agricultural technicum.

References in periodicals archive ?
Backstage with the Arts, April 2015 - In the company of like-minded travellers who share a passion for the arts, guests will visit six cities and spend 16 indulgent days filled with backstage visits to Europe's most stunning museums, outstanding performances at Teatro alla Scala in Milan and the Estates Theatre in Prague, exquisite dinners and a private gala in the Pavlovsk Palace outside St.
Backstage with the Arts, April 2015 - In the company of like-minded travellers who share a passion for the arts, guests will visit six cities and spend 16 days filled with backstage visits to European museums, performances at Teatro alla Scala in Milan and the Estates Theatre in Prague, dinners and a private gala in the Pavlovsk Palace outside St.
The Russian city, known as the "Venice of the North", has many stunning attractions including The Winter Palace, the historic Peter & Paul Fortress and the impressive Pushkin Palace & Park and Pavlovsk Palace.
In 1941, to save a favourite work of art from advancing Nazi troops, the curator of Pavlovsk Palace, near Leningrad, buried a neo-classical statue, Cupid by Thomas Banks (1735-1805), next to its pedestal.
2) of the first director of Pavlovsk Palace Museum, T.
1) The photographs were kindly provided by Valeria Belanina, curator at Pavlovsk Palace Museum, on my visit in 1989.
Other highlights of the tour include attendance at an extraordinary Russian Orthodox Church service at the Alexandre Nevsky Cathedral, a full-day guided tour of the Hermitage Museum, a day trip to tour the Pavlovsk Palace built by Paul I (including a Troika Sled ride on the grounds), and a private backstage tour of the Mariinsky (Kirov) Theater followed by a classic performance of opera or ballet at the famous theater.
Kyle, who met with representatives of six palaces in Russia in planning the exhibit, decided to re-create five rooms from the Peterhof, Tsarskoje Selo (Catherine's Palace), Gatchina and Pavlovsk palaces.