Pavo


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Pavo

(pay -voh) (Peacock) A constellation in the southern hemisphere near Grus, the brightest stars being the 1st-magnitude spectroscopic binary Alpha (α) Pavonis and several 3rd-magnitude stars. It contains several variables, including the bright Cepheid variable Kappa (κ) Pavonis, and the large bright globular cluster NGC 6752. Abbrev.: Pav; genitive form: Pavonis; approx. position: RA 19.5h, dec –65°; area: 378 sq deg.

Pavo

 

(peafowl; more commonly called peacocks), a genus of birds of the family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes. The genus contains two species: the Indian, or blue, peacock (P. cristatus) and the Javan, or green, peacock (P. muticus).

Indian peacock males have a body length of 100 to 125 cm and a tail length of 40 to 45 cm. The tail has a train of upper tail coverts (often mistaken for tail feathers), which is decorated with “eyes” and reaches a length of 120 to 130 cm. The male weighs between 4 and 4.25 kg. The head, neck, and part of the chest are blue. The back is green, and the underparts are black. The female, or peahen, is smaller than the male; it also is less colorful and lacks a train. The Indian peacock is distributed on the Hindustan Peninsula south of the Himalayas (it does not inhabit high mountains) and on Sri Lanka.

The Javan peacock is more brightly colored than the Indian peacock. The female differs only slightly from the male in coloration. The species is encountered in Indochina, Malacca, and Sumatra.

Peacocks inhabit thickets, forest clearings, and riverbanks. They are polygamous, with the male gathering a harem of three to five females. The females nest on the ground, laying five or six eggs. The eggs are incubated by the female for 27 to 30 days.

Peacocks feed mainly on vegetable matter; animal substances in their diet include insects, mollusks, and small vertebrates.

Peacocks are often kept as ornamental birds. In India they have been semidomesticated. Peacocks probably were imported into Greece in the fifth century.

The Congo peacock (Afropavo congensis), a species closely related to the Indian and Javan peacocks, was discovered in 1936 in the forests of the Congo River basin.

A. I. IVANOV

Pavo

[′pä·vō]
(astronomy)
A southern constellation; right ascension 20 hours, declination 65°S. Also known as Peacock.
References in periodicals archive ?
Two new species of Eimeria from peacocks (Pavo cristatus) in Saudi Arabia.
Pavo cristatus: The IUCN red list of threatened species 2012: http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012-1.RLTS.T22679435A40098247.en Downloaded on 17 October 2016.
Assessing the effects of the mating sex ratios on reproductive performance of Indian peafowl, Pavo cristatus.
Para conocer las preferencias de los consumidores sobre las muestras de las lonjas de jamon cocido y pechuga de pavo, recubiertas con peliculas de alginato de sodio con y sin adicion de antimicrobianos, se aplico una prueba sensorial afectiva utilizando una escala hedonica estructurada del 1 al 9 (1 me disgusta mucho y 9 me gusta mucho) a un total de 30 estudiantes y evaluaron los atributos color, olor, sabor y aspecto global.
El 40 % restante es consumido a lo largo del ano, principalmente por amas de casa que conocen los beneficios nutricionales del pavo y los extranjeros residentes, principalmente norteamericanos, centroamericanos y europeos" (Garcia, 2012).
From the present research study, it can be concluded that species of genus Pavo, belongs to a very diverse background having; genetic diversity which is of utmost importance for the various breeding programs in Peafowl conservation and is also helpful for the development of other molecular techniques for species identification.
El engorde de los pavos se llevo a cabo en la unidad experimental de cebo del Centro de Investigacion y Tecnologia Animal (CITA) de Segorbe (Castellon) perteneciente al Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias (IVIA).
Existe la hipotesis que los pavos evolucionaron de un ancestro del pavo que cruzo el estrecho de Bering cuando Alaska estaba conectada con Eurasia hace miles de anos (Steadnman 1980).
The constellation Pavo contains a multitude of bright stars, with alpha Pavonis, at magnitude 1.9, appearing as the bird's bright eye.
Gold exploration company Miranda Gold Corp (TSX-V:MAD) has commenced a helicopter airborne magnetic survey over its Pavo Real project in the Tolima Department of Colombia, the company reported on Tuesday.
Recently astronomers used NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope on HD 172555, a young, hot A star 95 light-years away in Pavo that's only 12 million years old.
Natural parasitism by Synhimantus (Dispharynx) nasuta (Nematoda: Acuariidae) in captive Common Peafowl (Pavo cristatus)