MacLeay, 1819 can be recognized by anterior angles of clypeus, in dorsal view, not visible, very reduced, completely under the frons; external tubercles with an acute apex, directed downwards; prosternal process always pentagonal; metasternal disc glabrous and wholly delimited (Reyes-Castillo, 1973).
In Europe, Cenococcum geophilum and members of other genera including Lactarius, Russula, Tomentella, Cortinarius, Laccaria and Paxillus
were found to be most diverse in these ecosystems (Rudawska et al., 2016).
Sevindik, "A study on Paxillus
involutus: total antioxidant and oxidant potential," Turkish Journal of Life Sciences, vol.
Tunlid, "The carbon starvation response of the ectomycorrhizal fungus Paxillus
involutus," FEMS Microbiology Ecology, vol.
Ion fluxes in Paxillus
involutus-inoculated roots of Populus x canescens under saline stress.
225 51 Brachadena pyriformis 124 43 Diplangus paxillus
209 52 Lasiotocus longovatus 164 41 Genolopa ampullacae 191 46 Apocreadium foliatum 98 37 Leurodera decora 102 34 Prolecithochirium spp.
Cell motility Helicoverpa armigera / ADN84930.1 Pyropia yezoensis / BAB64309.1 Undaria pinnatifida / ADW66613.1 Pyropia yezoensis / BAG71158.1 Paxillus
involutus / ABQ85639.1 Mauremys mutica / ADX86815.1 Crassostrea virginica / AAC61869.1 Drosophila melanogaster / AAR24583.1 Phytophthora palmivora / AAW58084 Haliotis diversicolor / ABU53030 7.
betulina 131 CONC-FO503 8 Paxillus
panuoides (Fr.) Fr.
(2005) showed that the association of poplar roots with specific mycorrhiza species (Paxillus
involutus) leads to a highly significant increase of Cd concentration, in particular in the leaves (2.74mg Cd/kg dry matter).
Ecdysteroids constituents of mushroom Paxillus
Steeve Bonneville of the University of Leeds in England and his colleagues set up a lab test to study the effects of the fungi Paxillus
involutus on biotite, a potassium-rich mineral found in granite and other rock types.