collective bargaining

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collective bargaining,

in labor relations, procedure whereby an employer or employers agree to discuss the conditions of work by bargaining with representatives of the employees, usually a labor union. Its purpose may be either a discussion of the terms and conditions of employment (wages, work hours, job safety, or job security) or a consideration of the collective relations between both sides (the right to organize workers, recognition of a union, or a guarantee of no reprisals against the workers if a strike has occurred). The merits of collective bargaining have been argued by both opponents and proponents of the process; the former maintain that it deprives the worker of his individual liberty to dispose of his service, while the latter point out that without the union's protection the worker is subject to the dictation of the employer. As an essential process in labor relations, collective bargaining was first developed in Great Britain in the 19th cent. It has since become an accepted practice in most Western countries with a high level of industrialization. The National Labor Relations Act of 1935, known as the Wagner Act, established the right to collective bargaining in the United States.


See G. Farmer, Collective Bargaining in Transition (2 vol., 1967); J. S. Fishkin, The Limits of Obligation (1983); E. E. Herman et al., Collective Bargaining and Labor Relations (2d ed. 1987); J. P. Windmuller et al., Collective Bargaining in Industrialized Market Economies (1987).

collective bargaining

the negotiations about terms and conditions of employment which take place between an employer, or an employers association, and one or more TRADE UNIONS. Sociological interest in collective bargaining has involved, for example, consideration of the implications it has for the structure, aims and accomplishments of trade unions, the relations between managers and employees, and the dynamics of capitalist society; an underlying theme being the extent to which it is associated with the institutionalization of conflict and, relatedly, the separation of economic and political issues (see POSTCAPITALISM, INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS).

collective bargaining

[kə′lek·tiv ′bär·gən·iŋ]
(industrial engineering)
The negotiation for mutual agreement in the settlement of a labor contract between an employer or his representatives and a labor union or its representatives.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, neither trade unions nor employers' associations aspire a full-scale move towards domestic level pay bargaining (Sesselmeier, 1994; Soskice, 1994).
To prevent the pay stagnation that preceded the crash and helped fuel the credit boom and growth in inequality before the crash, we need to expand the coverage of collective pay bargaining because only through that can we really raise employment standards across the UK.
Undeb also referred to a decision of Bridgend council to ignore national pay bargaining and freeze workers' pay, rather than providing a 1% increase as agreed.
Anger is growing among staff over the council's controversial decision to pull out of national pay bargaining and refuse to honour a 1% wage rise for most staff.
National pay bargaining for college sector staff is to be underpinned by the Post 16 Education (Scotland) Bill later this month.
In my opinion, the two main reasons for the growing wealth gap was the acceptance of percentage pay bargaining from the 1960s onwards and the failure of both Labour and Tory governments to levy higher taxes on the rich.
Ministers are considering whether to press ahead with plans that could end national pay bargaining, following a review instigated by the Chancellor in last year's autumn statement.
The Business Secretary said the Liberal Democrats would support flexibility in local pay bargaining, but it would have to be based on pay incentives, not wage cuts.
Any attempt to introduce regional and local pay bargaining will undermine the whole infrastructure of Agenda for Change and create damaging competition between employers.
The RCN Northern region is also concerned North-east healthcare workers will be "short-changed" by Chancellor George Osbourne's plans for local pay bargaining.
MANUFACTURING wage settlements have continued to show a continued gradual increase as pay bargaining returns to normal levels, according to the latest figures from EEF, the manufacturers' organisation.
Workers face another year of hard pay bargaining and low rises, with longtermdealsnot being renewed, according to a newreport.