Payer, Julius von

Payer, Julius von

(pī`ər), 1842–1915, Austrian explorer and painter. While on an expedition (1872–74) to navigate the Northeast PassageNortheast Passage,
water route along the northern coast of Europe and Asia, between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Beginning in the 15th cent., efforts were made to find a new all-water route to India and China.
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 with Karl Weyprecht, Payer accidentally found Franz Josef LandFranz Josef Land
, Rus. Zemlya Frantsa Iosifa, archipelago, c.6,300 sq mi (16,320 sq km), in the Arctic Ocean N of Novaya Zemlya, Russia. It consists of more than 190 islands of volcanic origin, including Aleksandra Land, George Land, Wilczek Land, Graham Bell Island,
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. Payer's expeditions became the subject of his paintings later in his life.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Payer, Julius Von


Born Sept. 1, 1842, in Schönau, near Teplice; died Aug. 30, 1915, in Veldes, now Bled, Yugoslavia. Austrian arctic explorer.

Together with K. Weyprecht, Payer led an arctic expedition aboard the Tegetthoff from 1872 to 1874. The mission led to the discovery of Franz Josef Land. Payer described the voyage in his book Seven Hundred and Twenty-five Days Amid Arctic Ice (1876; Russian translation, 1935).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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