Pazzi conspiracy


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Pazzi conspiracy

(pät`tsē), 1478, plot against Lorenzo de' MediciMedici, Lorenzo de'
, 1449–92, Italian merchant prince, called Lorenzo il Magnifico [the magnificent]. He succeeded (1469) his father, Piero de' Medici, as head of the Medici family and as virtual ruler of Florence.
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 (Lorenzo il Magnifico) and his brother Giuliano, designed to end the hegemony of the Medici in the Florentine state and to enlarge papal territory. It was instigated by Pope Sixtus IVSixtus IV
, 1414–84, pope (1471–84), an Italian named Francesco della Rovere (b. near Savona); successor of Paul II. He was made general of his order, the Franciscans, in 1464 and became (1467) a cardinal.
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, his nephew Gerolamo Riario, Archbishop Salviati, and members of the Pazzi family, a wealthy Florentine family that rivaled the Medici. Actually, the Pazzi were tools in the conspiracy, which aimed not only at the death of the Medici, but at the elevation of Riario to power in Florence. Details of the plot were worked out by Salviati and the Pazzi while Riario and the pope remained in Rome. On Apr. 26, during High Mass at the cathedral, Giuliano de' Medici was stabbed to death, while Lorenzo escaped with a wound. The enraged Florentines seized and killed the conspirators. The Medici remained firmly entrenched in power.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tom Riley again plays the great man, with Florence in chaos in the wake of the Pazzi conspiracy.
Starring Tom Riley ("Monroe," I Want Candy), as the title character, season two of "Da Vinci's Demons," finds Florence thrown into chaos in the wake of the Pazzi conspiracy.
Many Medici wives in Lucrezia's family were used as mediators and at times were forced to tacitly watch as their paternal houses were at war with their husbands and sons; Lucrezia Tornabuoni's daughter-in-law, Clarice Orsini, had her paternal household often at odds with the Medici, and her own daughter, Maria Bianca, was married to Guglielmo de' Pazzi, clearly a precarious marriage alliance given the Pazzi conspiracy which ended by taking the life of Giuliano.
I feel myself come into some strange labyrinth," he confesses to Lanfredini not long after the Pazzi conspiracy (113).
The novel provides a vivid picture of Italian life during this time, with the extreme and brutal violence of the Pazzi Conspiracy.
For most historians, the significance of the Pazzi conspiracy lies in its violent aftermath.
Most of the poetry was written after Piero's death in 1469, at a very delicate juncture of Florence's history when Lorenzo, just twenty years old, rose to power, and only a few years before the tragic Pazzi Conspiracy (1478) in which Lorenzo's younger brother, Giuliano, was assassinated.
In 1478, for instance, when Lorenzo de'Medici went to war with the papacy in the aftermath of the Pazzi conspiracy, he wrote his cofathers, the King of France and the Duke of Milan, seeking aid.
Yet the first bastions appeared in Italy a decade before as a result of the groundbreaking performance of siege artillery during the so-called War of the Pazzi Conspiracy (1478-80).
More than a post-Edenic allegory, in the aftermath of the Pazzi conspiracy, the making project of the Orfeo might also be read as "a trenchant critique of a wholly Neoplatonic way of looking at things" (11), and as a challenge to Ficino's optimistic belief in cosmic harmony.
Zenobius that may have been the result of the Pazzi Conspiracy of 1478.
Blanchard has found eighty-one letters, which he arranges into five periods: 1) the Pazzi conspiracy and its aftermath [1478-1482], treated in the first thirty-four letters, 2) the period after Louis XI's madness and the regency which followed it [1484-1489; letters 35-40], 3) Commynes' return to royal favor and his efforts to recover his estate [1490-1493; 41-54], 4) the preparations for Charles VIII's expedition and Commynes' mission to Venice [1494-1495; 55-73], and 5) Commynes' efforts to regularize his relationships both with the Medicis and with Anne de Bretagne.